Top 10 largest ships

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Top 10 largest ships
Top 10 largest ships
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The supertanker Prelude, cruise ships Oasis and other sea giants are among the 10 largest ships in the world from Naked Science. The criteria by which the candidates were selected - maximum length and deadweight.

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The key criterion for the allocation of seats was the maximum length of the ship, but in some cases the choice also depended on the size of the deadweight - the maximum mass that the ship can carry in order not to sink under the water below the dangerous line (deadweight includes not only cargo, but also fuel, mass of passengers, crew and provisions).

10. Mozah

Length: 345 m

Deadweight: 128900 t

Launched: 2007

Flag: Qatar

Status: in operation

Mozah is the first ship in the Q-Max family of tankers, which is designed to transport liquefied natural gas from fields near Qatar. Designed and built in South Korea. A total of 14 ships of the Q-Max type are currently in operation.

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9. Queen Mary II

Length: 345 m

Deadweight: 19189 t

Launched: 2002

Flag: Bermuda

Status: in operation

One of the largest passenger liners in the world, the Queen Mary 2 transatlantic cruise ship is capable of transporting up to 2,620 passengers across the ocean with all the accompanying amenities. Designed and built by the French company Chantiers de l'Atlantique. In addition to 15 restaurants, a casino and a theater on board, Queen Mary 2 also has the first ship planetarium.

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8. Allure of the Seas

Length: 362 m

Deadweight: 19750 t

Launched: 2008

Flag: Bahamas

Status: in operation

The Oasis cruise ship class includes two twin ships, both of which are the largest of their class in the world. True, Allure of the Seas is still 50 millimeters longer than the Oasis in the Seas, which is why it takes the eighth position. The maximum number of passengers that this liner can carry is 6296 people, and the crew is 2384. To list all the entertainment offered on board, you will need to write a separate article - this is a real floating city: from an ice rink, a golf course and many shops and bars to a whole park with exotic trees and other unusual plants.

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7. Vale Sohar

Length: 362 m

Deadweight: 400315 t

Launched: 2012

Flag: Marshall Islands

Status: in operation

This vessel belongs to the family of the largest dry cargo vessels, which in turn belongs to the Brazilian mining company Vale. Designed to transport ore from Brazil to the USA. A total of 30 such ships have already been built with deadweight varying between 380 and 400 thousand tons. Sohar is one of the ships of the family with the maximum deadweight.

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6. TI Class

Length: 380 m

Deadweight: 441 585 t

Launched: 2003

Flag: Marshall Islands and Belgium

Status: 2 in operation, 2 converted to floating platforms

The TI Class double-hull ships are currently the largest operating ships in the world in terms of deadweight and gross tonnage. In total, 4 identical ships were commissioned: TI Oceania, TI Africa (under the flag of the Marshall Islands) and TI Asia, TI Europe (under the flag of Belgium). In 2010, Asia and Africa met the fate of their transformation into floating storage and offloading platforms (FSOs) and now serve as one of the offshore oil fields near Qatar.

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5. Emma Maersk

Length: 397 m

Deadweight: 156907 t

Launched: 2006

Flag: Denmark

Status: in operation

The first of 8 identical E-Class container ships from the Danish company Moller-Maersk Group. In 2006, when Emma Maersk first set sail, the ship was the largest operating vessel in the world. Carries various cargoes between Northern Europe and Asia through the Strait of Gibraltar and the Suez Canal. This ship has a rather bad reputation: during its construction there was a major fire, and in 2013, as a result of damage to one of the engines, it lost controllability right in the Suez Canal.There was no talk of flooding, however, and management was restored. In Europe, Emma has been criticized for using sulphurous fuels.

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4. Esso Atlantic

Length: 406.5 m

Deadweight: 516891 t

Launched: 1977

Flag: Liberia

Status: dismantled for scrap

Once the world's largest ship by deadweight, the oil supertanker Esso Atlantic was built in Japan in the mid-1970s, but made its first direct voyage from Liberia, under whose flag it was registered by Esso Tankers. He was mainly engaged in the transportation of oil between Europe and the countries of the Middle East. In 2002 it was scrapped in Pakistan. Also, there was an almost identical ship Esso Pacific, but the Atlantic's deadweight value is slightly higher, so it was he who took the fourth position.

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3. Pierre Guillaumat

Length: 414.2 m

Deadweight: 555 051 t

Launched: 1977

Flag: France

Status: dismantled for scrap

This supertanker was the largest in deadweight among the family of almost identical French ships Batillus. Built by the French company Chantiers de l'Atlantique, "lived" only 5 years and was scrapped in South Korea in 1983; the same fate befell the rest of the family (Prairial, Bellamya, Batillus). Such a short service life is explained by the fact that the commercial utility of the supertanker was minimal: it could not pass through either the Suez or the Panama Canal.

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2. Seawise Giant (Knock Nevis)

Length: 458.5 m

Deadweight: 564 763 t

Launched: 1979

Flag: Sierra Leone (last country of registration)

Status: dismantled for scrap

Until recently, it was the longest ship in history. The supertanker Seawise Giant was so huge that its length was compared to the tallest buildings in the world. The ship could not fit in either the Suez or the Panama Canal; even the English Channel turned out to be "Giant" not in terms of tonnage. During the Iran-Iraq War in 1988, the ship was seriously damaged by an Iraqi Air Force missile while transporting Iranian oil in the Persian Gulf. As a result, the ship sank near the coast, but shortly after the war, Norman International was able to tow it to Singapore, where the ship was repaired and put back into operation in 1991, already with a new optimistic name - "Happy Giant". Subsequently, the ship was turned into a floating platform, and in 2009 the Giant set off on its last journey - to the shores of India, where it was later dismantled for scrap.

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1. Prelude

Length: 488 m

Deadweight: 600,000 t

Launched: hull only, 2013

Flag: not received yet

Status: under construction

Prelude is the world's first floating platform not only for transportation, but also for the production and liquefaction of natural gas directly on board. South Korean Samsung Heavy Industries is under construction for Royal Dutch Shell. Essentially a mobile gas processing plant, Prelude is already the largest floating facility ever built by man. By 2017, when the construction of all high-tech components on the hull is complete, the first seabed drilling is planned off the coast of Australia.

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