Where there is oil, there is science. Do you know everything about black gold?

Where there is oil, there is science. Do you know everything about black gold?
Where there is oil, there is science. Do you know everything about black gold?
Anonim

It turns out that oil is very interesting! Many do not know how it is obtained and how it affects our lives.

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However, maybe you are a real oilman at heart? Let's check.

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In the second half of the 19th century, gasoline was already produced, but there were no gas stations yet. Where was it sold?

Gasoline was sold in pharmacies as an antiseptic and cleaning agent. And the first car owners could only buy it there.

In bars On hippodromes In pharmacies 2/10

What animals have been saved from extinction thanks to oil?

Once upon a time, whale oil was used as a fuel for oil lamps, as well as for the production of candles, soap, and even lipstick. More and more whale fat was required, and a mass hunt was opened for these animals. By the middle of the 19th century, they were on the verge of extinction. After the advent of kerosene, the use of whale oil ceased, and oil replaced fat as a raw material for the production of many useful things. Check out this video.

Kangaroo Amur Tiger Whales 3/10

Which of the following is made from petroleum?

Hundreds of objects are made from oil that surround us every day. Plastics, splints, clothes and even medicines - we have all this thanks to her.

Cosmetics, detergents, laptops Road surfaces, synthetic rubber, nylon All of the above 4/10

Which of the following is the oil most similar in chemical composition?

In coal, as in oil, carbon is the main constituent component.

Coal Limestone Sulfur 5/10

What is the name of a well with a complex structure?

The design of such wells resembles a fish skeleton, so the technology was named Fishbone (translated from English - "Fish bone"). Each branch of the well is directed to separate oil areas, without touching adjacent reservoirs with gas or water. This design requires less drilling than construction of a separate well and increases production by an average of 40%. What other types of wells are there? Watch the video.

"Fish bone" "Anthill" "Wormhole" 6/10

Why do you need diamonds for oil production?

Diamonds allow you to drill holes through the hardest formations. True, it is too expensive to make incisors out of it. Therefore, specialists from the Gazprom Neft Science and Technology Center, together with scientists from Skoltech, have created a new material that is slightly inferior in hardness to diamond, but can boast of high wear resistance - tungsten pentaboride. More details can be found in this video.

Drill wells Measure subsoil temperature For use in seismic sensors 7/10

How do beans help produce more oil?

Water and guar gum obtained from the beans are mixed with ceramic balls or sand. The resulting gel is pumped under high pressure into wells to a depth of several kilometers. There, in the right places under the pressure of the fluid, cracks appear, through which oil will more easily enter the wells. To prevent the cracks from closing back, the resulting gel is pumped into them. What does it look like? Like this.

They are refined and added to oil to improve oil quality They are used as absorbent They are used in underground operations to recover difficult oil 8/10

What colors are oil?

Oil is not only the usual black color, but also has many other shades. Watch the video for how multi-colored oil is extracted.

Only black Only three colors: black, green and gold Almost any 9/10

How is oil found underground?

Perhaps the most common myth about oil is that it is found in underground lakes. In fact, it lies in the micropores of rocks that may look like marble.Don't believe me? See pictures of oil rocks.

In the form of pools in underground lakes In micropores of rocks In a gaseous state 10/10

At what angle can the well bend?

With a wide range of depths, the well is able to bend almost 90 degrees. What other technologies for working underground do oilmen have? Find out from the video.

Not under any, in the same place metal pipes Not more than 45 degrees Almost 90 degrees

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Skipped questions

What did I miss? 8/10

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We prepared this test jointly with the Gazprom Neft Science and Technology Center. You can watch more videos about oil production technologies here.

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