Russia launched the "Science" module to the ISS

Russia launched the "Science" module to the ISS
Russia launched the "Science" module to the ISS
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Roskosmos has launched a multipurpose laboratory module "Science". It is one of the largest modules in the history of the International Space Station.

"Science" / © roscosmos

The long-awaited launch of the multifunctional laboratory module (MLM) "Science" has taken place. You can watch the broadcast of the mission on our website.

The launch of the Proton-M carrier rocket was carried out from the launcher No. 39 of the launch pad No. 200 of the Baikonur cosmodrome. The duration of the active phase of the rocket flight until the moment of separation will be 9.67 minutes.

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Further rapprochement with the station will be carried out with the help of the Nauka engines. It will take eight days to bring the module into the docking area with the ISS. The docking itself is scheduled for July 29, at 16:26 (Moscow time).

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"Nauka" will moor at the site of the "Pier", which they decided to undock and de-orbit. It will be flooded in the Pacific Ocean.

The new module is designed to increase the technical and operational capabilities of the Russian segment of the ISS. It will make it possible to implement a research program in the interests of fundamental science and the social sphere. The mass of the complex is up to 21,300 kilograms.

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The creation of "Science" and its preparation for launch have a long history. The construction of the module began back in 1995. At first, they wanted to launch it to the ISS in 2007, but then they decided to postpone the mission. As it turned out, this was just the beginning of a long list of transfers and new dates.

In 2013, it was decided to send the module to the Khrunichev Center, as specialists found metal shavings in the fuel system. One of the options involved replacing the Nauka tanks with the ones converted from the Fregat upper stage. Later, it was decided to launch the module with standard tanks.

The final decision on the module was made recently. In June, Roskosmos announced that it had assembled and tested a module, a nose fairing and a transition compartment as part of the space warhead. Later, technical problems were identified that required additional work. As a result, the launch was scheduled for July 21.

Now the future of the Russian segment of the ISS is in question. Russia wants to start withdrawing from the project in the middle of the decade, but other options are also possible. In theory, the Russian side can abandon plans to leave the program if it is possible to agree with foreign partners on the commercial exploitation of the segment.

If this does not happen, Russia is determined to build a national orbital station. In addition, the media periodically features information about the base on the moon, which can be created together with China. What will come of this venture is described in our material.

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