The oldest trees on Earth

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The oldest trees on Earth
The oldest trees on Earth
Anonim

The oldest trees on Earth are Old Tikko, Pando Grove, Methuselah, Tis Llangerniv, Zoroastrian Sarv and Senator.

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However, we are not talking about the so-called clonal colonies (trees that outwardly look like a grove, but are considered a single living organism, since they have a common root system), but rather about individual trees.

As for the clonal colonies, the oldest of them today is considered to be the Pando colony - a grove of aspen poplar (Populus tremuloides) in Utah (USA). The age of the grove is estimated by various researchers from 80 thousand to 1 million years. But this is not only the oldest living organism on the planet, it is also considered the most "heavy" - the total weight of poplars is estimated at 6 thousand tons.

Old Tikko

Let's say a few words about one of the "clonal" pupils, after all, because this tree does not differ in any way from other, separately growing brethren. Today, Old Tikko is considered such a clonal tree.

This pine (Pinus longaeva - bristlecone pine) is about 9550 years old and is located on the mountain of Fulufjellet Park in Sweden. The tree's discoverer Leif Kullman, professor of geography at Umeå University, named it after his faithful dog. According to experts, the trunk of the tree is only a few centuries old, but the rhizome is almost 10 thousand years old. For most of his life, Old Tikko was in a state of dwarfism (due to the harsh environmental conditions), and only in the last century began to look like a "normal" tree. Today its height is about 5 m.

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Methuselah

But this is already a completely “full-fledged” tree, which, however, belongs to the same species as Old Tikko - Pinus longaeva (many long-livers among trees are representatives of this particular species). Methuselah sprouted from a seed in 2831 BC. BC, thus, its age is 4844 years.

The tree is found in the Inyo National Forest, in eastern California (USA), in the White Mountains. The exact location of the tree is not indicated - so that it grows safe and sound for many centuries to come.

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Tees Llangerniv

Further on our list are trees with a roughly defined age, since it is far from always possible to estimate the exact age of trees.

Yew from the village of Llangerniv in North Wales (Great Britain) belongs to the berry yew (T? Xus bacc? Ta) and has been growing there for four or even five thousand years. And unlike Old Tikko, the girth of his "waist" absolutely justifies his age - the trunk is almost 11 m wide.

Legend has it that an ancient evil spirit dwells in the cemetery near the Church of St. Digain, which is located at the "foot" of the old yew tree. He has a long name: "the angel who writes everything." Locals believe that he knows how to impose curses. Every year on Halloween, an eerie voice is heard from the side of the churchyard, listing the names of those villagers who are destined to die in the coming year.

Rumor has it that a certain man named Sean Up Robert somehow had the idea to doubt the existence of the spirit, and he went in search of him under an ominous old yew tree on Halloween night. Sean Up Robert died soon after. Maybe this happened due to the fact that the berry yew is a very poisonous plant?..

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Zoroastrian Sarv

Or Sarv-e Abar-kuh. This majestic and very beautiful Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is located in the village of Abarku (Iran) and is a national treasure of the country. The height of the tree is 25 m, and its girth is 18. The age of Sarv-e Abar-kuch is estimated at more than 4 thousand years.

At one time, when the main religion of Persia was the Avestan, it was believed that the majestic cypress was planted by Zarathustra himself.Which turned out to be untrue, since the legendary priest was born one and a half to two millennia later than the moment when the crown of the cypress began to proudly rise above the glorious Iranian land.

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Senator

Speaking of the old-timers among the trees, one cannot fail to mention the sad fate of the pond cypress (Taxodium ascendens) named Senator. As you might guess from the name, the tree grew in the USA - on the outskirts of Longwood (Florida).

At one time, this tree served as a reference point for the indigenous people of America - the Indians, and since the 19th century, tourists from all over the world have come to look at the majestic Senator. Everything was fine until 2012, when a 26-year-old drug addict named Sarah Barnes set fire to the tree from the inside in order to "see how it burns." A truly unhealthy girl filmed the process of the death of the "old man" on her phone.

Firefighters gathered at the scene of the tragedy, but did not have time - a 36-meter tree collapsed. Today, only charred remains stand in its place, although some believe that the tree is still alive - young shoots have been seen near the foot. The senator was about 3,500 years old.

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