The Navy received the K-561 Kazan multipurpose nuclear submarine. This is one of the most advanced ships of this type in the world.
A significant event in the history of the Russian Navy took place: the nuclear submarine with K-561 "Kazan" cruise missiles was handed over to the Navy. “Today in Severodvinsk, at the Sevmash enterprise, under the leadership of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Yevmenov, a solemn ceremony was held for the admission of the fourth generation Kazan nuclear submarine (APC) of the Yasen-M project to the Russian Navy,” the Russian Defense Ministry said …
The lead submarine of project 885M ("Ash-M") "Kazan" was launched on March 31, 2017. On September 25, 2018, the submarine began factory sea trials. The main strike weapons of Project 885 / 885M ships are the Kalibr cruise missiles, the Onyx universal anti-ship missiles, and (in the future) the Zircon hypersonic complex.
The technical parameters of Kazan, like all representatives of the Yasen-M project, are kept secret, which, however, does not prevent experts from making assumptions. According to Christopher Carlson, analyst of the US Defense Intelligence Agency, the new submarine is shorter than its predecessor, the Project 885 K-560 Severodvinsk nuclear submarine, by about eight to nine meters.
The number of weapons has been changed. While Severodvinsk has ten torpedo tubes and eight launchers for launching cruise missiles, Kazan has eight and ten, respectively. The torpedo tubes of the 885 family submarines are located in the fencing area of the retractable devices. Vertical missile silos are located behind the fence.
The project 885 submarine belongs to the last for today, the fourth generation of submarines. Among the main distinguishing features is the noise level even lower than that of its predecessors. This makes such submarines extremely dangerous opponents.
Yasen / Yasen-M is the only Russian multipurpose fourth generation submarine. In addition to Russia, the United States has similar ships - the famous multipurpose boats Seawolf and Virginia. The last of the built Virginia-class nuclear submarines - USS Montana (SSN-794) - was launched in February.
In addition to these submarines, there is one new generation submarine - the Russian strategic submarine project 955 Borey.
The Americans do not have their own strategic submarines of the fourth generation, but in the future they plan to introduce them into the Navy. The contract for the construction of the first such boats was signed in 2020.