Five true conspiracy theories

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Five true conspiracy theories
Five true conspiracy theories
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What if some conspiracy theories aren't fiction? And many important phenomena and processes in the world are in fact not at all what they initially seemed?

conspiracy theories

Armored cruiser "Maine"

The USS Maine has become a part of history like the famous cruiser Aurora. Of course, he did not participate in the Tsushima battle and did not give signals to capture the Winter Palace. The reason is different: the mysterious explosion of this ship was the reason for the start of the Spanish-American War, which broke out at the very end of the 19th century.

In January 1898, riots broke out in Havana: the people protested against the Spaniards (Cuba was then under Spanish rule). On February 15, 1898, the Maine was in Havana Bay when a powerful explosion rocked it. The five tons of powder charges in the bow cellars detonated simultaneously. The bow of the ship was completely destroyed, and he went to the bottom. As a result, the death of 266 crew members (two thirds of all on board the "Maine").

The ship's design was not very successful, but by the standards of the then America (the United States was just about to reach the level of European shipbuilders), it was a formidable and modern combat unit. This was one of the reasons for the explosion of discontent in the American public. Newspaper headlines blamed the Spaniards directly, and a US investigation in the same 1898 found that the explosion was caused by "external influences." There was little evidence, but the flywheel of war was already in operation. US President William McKinley supported the Cuban rebellion, and the US Army captured Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines, declaring them "free."

Already in 1910, a new investigation showed that the damage to the Maine could have been caused not only by a Spanish torpedo hit, but also by the detonation of charges inside the cellars. This was indicated, in particular, by the analysis of the damage to the keel, carried out after the raising of the ship.

More than a century later, most historians believe that the explosion was caused by a fire in a coal cellar and that the Spaniards were not to blame. The version that the explosion could have been organized by the United States itself appeared almost immediately after the incident, but it was considered unlikely, since Spain's guilt seemed undeniable (including thanks to the efforts of the press). Now the hypothesis of the deliberate destruction of the ship among researchers is very popular, although it is very difficult to prove it.

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Gulf of Tonkin incident

Another similar incident occurred in the 20th century and left more questions than answers. It became the prologue to the full-scale Vietnam War. Strictly speaking, there were several incidents. On August 2, 1964, the US Navy destroyer Maddox did collide with three North Vietnamese boats. This fight is confirmed by both American and Vietnamese sources.

But then strangeness and riddles begin. On August 4, US radars detected unidentified objects - there were more than ten of them. Already on August 5, the Americans, pointing to the "Vietnamese threat", launched airstrikes on the bases of the Vietnamese fleet and an oil storage facility. The operation was the first American raid on North Vietnam; after it, the Tonkin Resolution was adopted, de facto allowing the full use of the US armed forces in Vietnam.

After the shootout on 2 August, few doubted the veracity of the 4 August incident. Meanwhile, there was no evidence of an attack by Vietnamese boats. Neither the fighter pilots nor the sailors on deck saw them. Note that then a strong storm broke out and it was very difficult to see anything in these conditions.

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COINTELPRO program

This massive program was run by the FBI and operated from 1956-1976. Its name is deciphered as "Counter Intelligence Program", or "counterintelligence program".The goal of the project was to suppress public organizations undesirable for the US government.

COINTELPRO first targeted the US Communist Party. But then the authorities decided that this tactic could come in handy in any situation. At various times, supporters of Martin Luther King, and anti-war and socialist movements were also under attack. The nationalist organizations of national minorities also got it, although the same Ku Klux Klan remained almost untouched.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) was not afraid to get their hands dirty. Department officials faked correspondence, made anonymous calls, disseminated misinformation and created puppet copies of organizations. Not only dissidents could suffer, but also their relatives or, say, work colleagues.

The FBI acted in collusion with the police, and, if necessary, the victim could be kidnapped or beaten. The bureau introduced its people to various organizations: they provoked conflicts both within them and with other anti-government structures. Total surveillance was also present, and even Albert Einstein and Ernest Hemingway were its targets. The latter, as you know, took his own life in 1961, unable to bear the constant stress. Relatives considered him seriously ill, tried to treat him and considered all thoughts of surveillance to be delusional.

"A surge of paranoia" occurred among many politicians, leaders of public organizations, culture and art workers. Mistrust grew in the organizations, and cases of murder and suicide increased. But the majority of American society remained on the sidelines, considering all this to be stupid gossip. That was until 1971, when anti-war activists broke into the FBI office in Pennsylvania and stole documents. Information leaked to the press, and in 1976 a Senate commission called the operations illegal.

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MKULTRA project

An even more frightening operation was carried out by the CIA in the 50s and 60s of the last century. De facto, its goal was complete control over the human mind. Moreover, the experimental subjects often did not even suspect that an experiment was being performed on them. Among the areas of work were discrediting a person by his behavior, changing sexual habits, creating a feeling of dependence, suggestibility, etc. In some cases, the CIA has attempted to achieve complete personality destruction. For all this, chemical, biological and radiological methods were used.

For example, electrical discharges plunged a person into a coma, and then he was forced to listen to the same sounds and commands many times. "Heavy artillery" was used in relation to ordinary people suffering from ordinary neuroses, which could be healed in another, much more harmless way.

Such cases were not isolated - the scale of the program is difficult to assess even now. It is known, for example, that in 1953 6% of the total budget of the Central Intelligence Agency was allocated for its implementation. Dozens of colleges, universities, companies, clinics and hospitals took part in the project. Prison establishments were also involved. At least two people are believed to have died. And among the victims were both Americans and Canadian citizens.

Rumors about the program were circulating back in the 50s, but then few believed that the government could take such a step. When the information surfaced, the CIA destroyed the main files. In 1975, the US Congress conducted its own investigation, revealing many of the incidents described. However, many of MKULTRA's "developments" are still hidden from the public.

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Gay bomb

Among the funniest conspiracy theories, the American gay bomb comes first. Information about this chemical weapon began to leak into the press in the 90s, but the yellow publications showed the main interest in it. This is partly why so many people ignored the rumors. On the other hand, such information ran counter to international conventions on the non-proliferation of chemical weapons, and this also did not make them more believable.

As it turned out, society did not believe in a gay bomb in vain. In 2004, a report on classified chemicals was released. It was, in particular, about a strong aphrodisiac that could stimulate the homosexual behavior of enemy soldiers. This effect was found to be non-lethal, but leading to a "loss of discipline in the army." Gay activists were almost the first to be outraged: they demanded that the Pentagon explain why it considers homosexuals to be less efficient.

The research laboratories of the US Air Force were involved in the development. Air Force representatives reported that the development did not receive further development. However, this did not stop the gay bomb from receiving the Shnobel Prize in 2007.

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