ISS to conduct new bioprinting experiments this year

ISS to conduct new bioprinting experiments this year
ISS to conduct new bioprinting experiments this year

The project is initiated by Russian scientists from the 3D Bioprinting Solutions laboratory.


The TASS news agency reports that Russian scientists, together with colleagues from the United States and Israel, plan to conduct new bioprinting experiments on the ISS in 2019 and 2020.

The pioneers in this area are the employees of the 3D Bioprinting Solutions laboratory for biotechnological research, which was founded by the Russian private medical company INVITRO. Co-founder and managing partner Youssef Khesuani shared the plans of the laboratory:

“In September, we will send muscle cells [to the ISS]. We are participating in this project together with two laboratories from the USA and Israel. Colleagues from Israel will provide biomaterials of cattle, and from the USA - biomaterials of fish extracted from different species."

3D Bioprinting Solutions' plans do not end there. They are going to print bone tissue at the station in August. In 2020, the Organ-Avt magnetic bioprinter should be updated. It will then be possible to print tubular structures such as the renal ducts, urethra, or blood vessels.

The Organ-Avt bioprinter was developed specifically for the world's first experiments on printing living tissue on a space station. It was delivered to the ISS in December 2018 by Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko. The first experiment took place in the same month.


Oleg Kononenko and Organ-Avt / © 3D Bioprinting Solutions

According to RIA Novosti, a total of 12 three-dimensional tissue-engineered constructs were printed: six samples of human cartilage tissue and six samples of mouse thyroid tissue. The resulting specimens were delivered to Earth, where they carried out a histological analysis of three-dimensional constructs. He showed that the cells within the printed constructs are alive and have the shape and structure characteristic of healthy cells.

Various experiments are carried out on the ISS, including with animals. Recently, an international team of scientists published an article in Scientific Reports describing the behavior of mice in zero gravity. After 7-10 days, young females began to move abruptly along an oval trajectory. Researchers are not yet able to name the exact reason for this behavior.

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