Every year scientists discover more and more new types of dinosaurs. Among them, for example, Sauroniops, named after the dark magician from The Lord of the Rings, the nosed Pinocchio Rex, the terrible Siats Meekerorum, terrorizing the tyrannosaurs, and many others …
If you ask to name a dinosaur, most likely, long-known species, such as tyrannosaurus or triceratops, will come to mind. However, science already knows hundreds of species of ancient dinosaurs, and every year paleontologists discover more and more fossilized remains.
Scientists have dubbed the tyrannosaur-sized predatory lizard, discovered in 2012, after the dark magician from The Lord of the Rings by Tolkien and the film trilogy by Peter Jackson.
What could a dinosaur that hunted in North Africa and a book villain have in common?
The fact is that the only surviving bone of a prehistoric beast was its eye socket. It alone was enough to identify the dinosaur as a completely new species. Naturally, scientists came to mind the gigantic eye of Sauron from the fantasy trilogy, gloomily glowing in the darkness, which ultimately gave the name to the new species.
Sauroniops Pachytholus dines with a young spinosaur. Two other spinosaurs flee
© Emiliano Troco
In addition to giant dinosaurs, exceeding the length and height of modern terrestrial mammals, at one time there were many small species on Earth, no larger than cats or dogs.
These include, for example, the eodromeus, the body length of which is approximately 1.2 meters, and the weight? no more than five kilograms. This carnivorous animal lived 230 million years ago in Argentina and was probably the ancestor of larger predators such as the Tyrannosaurus.
© Mike Hettwer
Another mythological name was given to a funny lizard that lived in the northeastern United States. Anzu Wyliei? this is the name of the feathered demon from Mesopotamian mythology.
This 3m Oviraptor dinosaur weighed about 225 kg and was omnivorous. Plants and small animals formed the basis of his diet.
The paleontologist who discovered the well-preserved skeleton of Anzu Wyliei first christened it "the hellish chicken." Indeed, this creature resembles a hybrid of, say, an emu with a tyrannosaurus. Despite its comical appearance, the lizard was a dangerous foe thanks to its powerful jaws.
Anzu Wyliei as seen by an artist
© Mark Klingler / Carnegie Museum of Natural History
Another very comical sight, discovered a few weeks ago during excavations in China. Due to the elongated shape of the skull, he received the nickname "Pinocchio" in honor of his long-nosed brother Pinocchio.
The Pinocchio Rex's snout was long and narrow, and its nose was 35% longer than any known dinosaur of similar size.
Qianzhousaurus Sinensis? a close relative of the most famous carnivorous dinosaur? Tyrannosaurus rex. Paleontologists believe that the shape of the body allowed the tyrannosaurus Pinocchio to run faster than its cousin, and therefore, he was a more dangerous predator.
Qianzhousaurus sinensis as seen by the artist
© Chuang Zhao / University of Edinburgh / PA
Torvosaurus, recently discovered in Portugal, was one of the largest animals ever to live in Europe. Its length reached 10 meters, and it weighed somewhere 4-5 tons.
Scientists initially mistook it for another well-known North American torvosaurus species, Torvosaurus tanneri. However, after careful study, it turned out that this species has fewer than 11 teeth in the upper jaw, but the existing ones are 10 cm longer than that of the American relative.
Torvosaurus gurneyi as seen by the artist
© Sergey Krasovskiy
Of course, new species are constantly being discovered among herbivorous dinosaurs. These include the hard-to-speak Yongjinglong Datangi, recently discovered in northwest China.
Does the new dinosaur belong to the genus Titanosaurs? the largest land animals ever to exist on our planet. The bones found, most likely, belong to a young individual, but, nevertheless, we are talking about a titanosaur 15-18 meters in size.
This type of titanosaur is considered one of the most evolutionarily developed among the specimens found so far in Asia. By the way, if earlier it was believed that most of the different types of dinosaurs were found in the United States, then since 2007, China has surpassed this record as well.
© University of Pennsylvania
Not one, but two skeletons of a new species of nodosaurs were found last year in one of the Spanish mines. New dinosaur gets the strange name Europelta Carbonensis? "The coal shield of Europe".
Nodosaurs lived almost everywhere on Earth during the late Jurassic era. The ancient species found in Spain is more similar to its European cousins than to its American cousins. This means that, perhaps, Europe and North America have already become separate continents 110 million, and not 80 million years ago, as previously thought.
Europelta Carbonensis as presented by the artist
It is the first diplodocus dinosaur found in South America. Leinkupal in the language of the Mapuche, who inhabited Patagonia, means "disappeared family", laticauda in Latin - a wide tail. Although it is smaller than its African relatives, it is still a solid 9 meters long.
Diplodocus, belonging to the group of four-legged sauropods, differed in elongated necks and tails, which were used in defense against predatory relatives. The found remains of Leinkupal Laticauda belong to the early Cretaceous period, which makes them unique, because until now it was believed that all diplodocus died out in the Late Jurassic.
Leinkupal laticauda as seen by the artist
© Jorge Antonio Gonzalez
Another carnivorous dinosaur that probably terrorized Tyrannosaurs for a while. Siats Meekerorum? the name of a man-eating monster from the legends of the North American Indians in Utah, where his remains were found.
Did this monster live in the United States 98 million years ago? at the time, tyrannosaurs were much smaller. Its length was 10 meters, and its weight? up to 4 tons. Thanks to the found remains of Siats Meekerorum, paleontologists were able to establish the name of “the king of beasts in North America at that time.
Siats Meekerorum as seen by the artist
© Jorge Antonio Gonzalez
Discovered in northwestern China, the pterosaur is considered the oldest known flying reptile. Judging by the found remains, he lived 160 million years ago.
Although its descendants reached the size of small aircraft, the wingspan of this crypto-dragon was only 1.4 m. The ancient pterosaur did not live in coastal areas, like other pterodactyls, but on land.
Kryptodrakon Progenitor as seen by the artist
© Emily M.