The chief designers announced the risks of operating the ISS after 2024 and called for the creation of a project for a national orbital station in the Federal Space Program - 2025, and until then to support the operation of the Russian segment of the ISS.
The Council of Chief Designers during today's meeting of the Scientific and Technical Council of Roscosmos called the idea of using the ISS, especially the Russian segment, risky after 2024 due to the obsolescence of most of the equipment.
To continue space exploration, experts have proposed building their own manned complex in low Earth orbit. "Created with the use of new technologies, ROSS (Russian Orbital Service Station. - Ed.) Should become an evolutionary step in the development of a program for the study and exploration of the Moon, flights to Mars and the implementation of innovative scientific and technical programs in space", - follows from the press -release on the website of the state corporation.
Since they want to stop operating the Russian segment of the ISS by 2028, the designers recommended that the ROSS project be included in the space program for 2025 - as an independent national station or, for now, as part of an international one.
Russia has repeatedly announced plans to withdraw from the ISS project. As Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov noted in April, Moscow will warn foreign partners that it has decided to create its own station. Prior to this, the Energia rocket and space corporation, the developer of the manned Soyuz and the unmanned cargo spacecraft Progress, also reported on the risk of destruction of the station and offered to refuse further participation in the program.
In November, Roskosmos wants to launch the Prichal node module; it has already been sent to Baikonur. Probably, then part of the station will be equipped with a scientific and energy module and the resulting "core" will be separated together with the new orbital laboratory "Science". Also in the plans are the base and gateway modules, and from 2030 they intend to launch target and target production modules, as well as a platform for servicing spacecraft.
The creation of an international manned space station began more than 20 years ago. In 1998, the Zarya functional cargo block was brought out. The first long-term expedition, represented by NASA astronaut William Shepherd and Russian cosmonauts Yuri Gridzenko and Sergei Krikalev, started in October 2000. They stayed in orbit for almost 137 days. Now the 65th expedition is working there, including cosmonauts Oleg Novitsky and Peter Dubrov.
At first, the station was supposed to be used until 2015, but then the term was extended until 2020, and then until 2024. The partners - Russia, Canada, the USA, Japan and ten states of the European Space Agency - considered the issue of operating the ISS until the 2028-2030s. By 2017, nearly $ 122 billion had been spent on creating and maintaining the program (the United States invested about 82 billion, Russia more than nine billion (although it used 33 percent of the space station's resources), Europe about 13 billion, Japan almost 15 billion, and Canada - 2, 8 billion). The annual maintenance cost was five billion.