In the Dnipropetrovsk region of Ukraine, archaeological excavations have been going on for more than a month: human burials, fragments of ceramics and a stone cromlech of the Eneolithic era were found in the inner part of the mound. According to scientists, it is several hundred years older than the famous British Stonehenge.
During excavations of a mound near the village of Novoaleksandrovka in the Dnepropetrovsk region of Ukraine, where a new route is being built, archaeologists have discovered an ancient cromlech. As reported on the Facebook page of the Dnepropetrovsk archaeological expedition, the structure was erected about 5, 5 thousand years ago, it measures 120 by 80 meters and is a stone slab arranged in a circle, with a truncated cone at the top. What role did cromlech play? According to scientists, purely technological: he supported the earth so that the mound did not collapse and did not creep.
“These stones are very susceptible to weathering. They went to the banks of the Dnieper. There was a rocky area, starting from the Monastery Island and further downstream. They looked for a crack, drove a wooden stake into it and poured water over it. When the wood swelled with moisture, the crack widened. And so they repeated this procedure over and over again. And in the end they chipped off this piece of stone. Therefore, they are of different shapes,”the head of the expedition told the Informator portal.
In the same place, experts found burials and fragments of Eneolithic ceramics with a high content of ground shell. They resemble the finds of the Trypillian culture - probably, these peoples were in contact with each other. However, representatives of the Trypillian culture were farmers, lived in forests and led a sedentary lifestyle, and the founders of the discovered cromlech were steppe nomadic pastoralists. For this reason, no valuable artifacts were found at the excavation site: they were not left in one place, but were transported everywhere with them.
When exactly the cromlech was erected, it is still impossible to say for sure, since its study continues. To date, archaeologists have found 20 human burials, some of the graves were group. The earliest burial belongs to the Eneolithic - the transition period from the Neolithic of the New Stone Age to the Bronze Age - and later - to the Middle Bronze Age.
One of the most famous cromlechs in the world is Stonehenge, a megalithic structure in Wiltshire, England, 130 kilometers southwest of London. According to scientists, the Dnipropetrovsk cromlech is older: if the earliest burials of Stonehenge have an age of 3, 2 thousand years BC, and the later ones - about 1, 1 thousand years BC, then the oldest graves in Novoaleksandrovka date back to 3, 5 thousand years before ad.
“According to rough estimates, in just ten days we will get to the most ancient burials, which are located inside the stone ring. If the weather permits,”said Dmitry Teslenko, head of the expedition. Then the samples will be sent for study to Germany and Kiev. After that, the structure will probably be restored, mothballed and opened to visitors.