At the moment when the Viking-1 spacecraft transmitted the first images of the Martian surface, humanity experienced some disappointment: there was nothing but boring orange rocks in the photographs. Not everyone is ready to put up with this. Almost every year, the eye of an inquisitive researcher distinguishes paranormal images and signs of other civilizations in Martian images. The most famous phantoms of Mars - in the material Naked Science.
“The truth is out there,” the researchers say, pointing in the direction of Mars. The words from Agent Molder's poster live on for decades. The first and most famous "ghost of Mars" was a face captured in 1976 ("Viking 1" was launched to Mars in August 1975) in an area of the Red Planet called Kydonia. Essentially, the face shot was a collection of surface formations, light and shadow, and the angle of the shot. Later, the quirk of Martian nature was reshomed in higher resolution using the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. As expected, there was a rock in the picture. That does not prevent the earthly researchers of the Red Planet to assert to this day that the "Face from Mars" is of artificial origin.
"There is no spoon!" - said the heroes of the film "The Matrix". "There is a spoon!" - say users of Internet forums, examining a picture taken on August 30 this year by the Curiosity rover. In a photograph from the Martian surface, they saw a giant flying spoon. And not only does an object that looks like tableware "fly", it also casts a shadow. However, according to NASA, this is just a bizarre rock formation.
The apotheosis of the Martian discoveries was the discovery by ufologists on the Martian surface of the face of US President Barack Obama. The image itself was taken in October 2005 by the Spirit rover atop Husband Hill in Gusev Crater. It is difficult to understand the train of thought of a person in whose consciousness a piece of rock was transformed into an image of the head of an American leader. Nevertheless, the photograph allowed ufologists to make the assumption that Barack Obama represents the interests of the Martians on Earth.
Another image taken by the Spirit rover in 2007, again in the Gusev crater, in the Columbia Hills region, showed a mermaid at a significant increase. Indeed, the bizarre formation outwardly resembles a seated humanoid, and the fuzzy image of the legs allows the fantasy to depict a mermaid's tail. However, according to the astronomers who studied the picture, the "mermaids" on Mars were completely crushed: the height of the figure is no more than 6 cm.
The Martian mermaid is not alone. In August of this year, the media reported that a human figure was visible in one of the images of the surface of the Red Planet taken by the Curiosity rover. According to ufologists, the figure resembles a "partially dressed woman."
One of the latest manifestations of pareidolia - a visual illusion - was the discovery of a giant crab on Mars. In the picture, the earthlings saw an unusual formation, similar to a ten-toed crab or, if you have imagination, to a car spare part. Researchers of space mysteries demanded that NASA send the Curiosity rover to the rocks and clarify the situation. The American space department reacted to the "discovery" with understanding, but did not send the rover.