The strangest diseases are Morgellon's disease, Cotard's syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Urbach-Wite disease, etc.
In general, this is not a completely correct name, picked up by the Russian media. In fact, the disease is called Morgellons. It belongs to dermopathies. Patients complain that all kinds of insects or worms crawl and bite on their bodies; you can often hear from patients and that they find certain fibers under their skin. It is interesting that in this case, ulcers and burning sensations (possible consequences of scratching) can really appear on the body of people, patients experience muscle cramps and pain in the joints.
A number of studies have shown that such people do not have any organisms and insects on the body or under the skin, as well as the mysterious fibers that they demonstrate to prove their illness (the fibers are just threads of the patients' clothes). Therefore, experts concluded that "Morgellon's disease" has a psychogenic nature, and most doctors attribute it to the so-called dermatozoal delirium.
It is characterized as "nihilistic-hypochondriacal depressive delirium combined with ideas of immensity." Some experts speak of this disease as a kind of reverse side of delusions of grandeur. The fact is that, unlike patients with megalomania, patients with Cotard syndrome speak of themselves as extremely negative, but at the same time very "grandiose" people - for example, as the most terrible criminals of all times and peoples.
Sometimes patients have ideas that they have died long ago, that their body has already rotted away and now they will face the most severe punishment for the evil that they have done to humanity.
Cotard's syndrome can be "combined" with psychotic forms of endogenous depression, schizoaffective disorders, manifest in senile depression and psychosis.
But this disease has nothing to do with the psyche and belongs to the group of hereditary systemic diseases of the connective tissue caused by a defect in the synthesis of collagen (a protein that provides body tissues with strength and elasticity). Depending on the degree of mutation, the disease can hardly interfere with life, or it can be deadly.
The main symptoms of the disease are strongly bending joints, smooth and elastic, severely damaged skin, atypical wound healing and scar formation, small and fragile blood vessels. The joint is poorly attached to the bones, so such people are prone to constant dislocations, sprains, deformations and soft tissue ruptures.
Although this disease can rightfully be called the "brave lion" syndrome, to which the cunning Goodwin poured courage. This is a very rare genetic disease, the main symptom of which is the almost complete absence of fear. However, this was rather thought earlier, but recent studies have shown that it is still possible to scare such people … using the inhalation of air with a high content of carbon dioxide (about 35%).
But the absence of fear is not at all the cause of the disease, but its consequence. The fact is that in patients affected by this disease, the amygdala of the brain is destroyed, which is why complete fearlessness is observed.
There are other symptoms that vary greatly. For example, a hoarse voice, skin lesions and scars (apparently due to permanent damage that appears due to the "lack of fear"), wrinkled skin, papules around the eyelids. All this is a consequence of the hardening of the skin and mucous membranes.
There may be no accompanying symptoms at all.
Since the discovery of the disease, less than 300 cases of its manifestation have been registered in the medical literature. Interestingly, a quarter of all cases lived in South Africa. Most of the patients are of Dutch, German and Khoisan descent.
One gets the feeling that some diseases are the work of some evil and very sarcastic creature. Stendhal Syndrome is a mental disorder characterized by rapid heartbeat, dizziness, and hallucinations when a person is under the influence of works of art. Therefore, often with such "patients" it is necessary to work primarily with the staff of museums and art galleries. Sometimes symptoms can also appear in those moments when a person is among picturesque natural landscapes or sees very beautiful people.
The syndrome was named after the 19th century French writer Stendhal, who, in his book Naples and Florence: A Journey from Milan to Reggio, describes his feelings from a visit to Florence as follows: “When I left the Church of the Holy Cross, my heart started to beat, it seemed that the source of life had dried up, I walked, fearing to fall to the ground … I saw masterpieces of art generated by the energy of passion, after which everything became meaningless, small, limited; so, when the wind of passions ceases to inflate the sails that push the human soul forward, then it becomes devoid of passions, and therefore of vices and virtues."
Or fibrodysplasia ossifying progressive (FOP). This is a very rare and severe genetic disorder, the main symptom of which is that the soft connective tissue - muscles, tendons and ligaments - gradually turns into bone. It usually starts around age 10 and progresses over the years.
Children born with FOP are distinguished by one characteristic feature - the pathology of the big toe, when one or more phalanges of the toe are bent inward and sometimes there is not enough joint in it. This unfortunate finger gives a 95% chance that the child has fibrodysplasia. Another common type of exacerbation is the appearance under the skin (on the neck, back, forearms) of a child of indeterminate seals ranging in size from 1 to 10 cm.
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome
Or micropsia. It is a disorienting neurological condition, manifested in the fact that a person perceives all objects around him as proportionally reduced.
Synonyms for the name of the syndrome are "dwarf hallucinations" or "Lilliputian vision." Despite the fact that we are talking about vision all the time, everything is in order with the eyes of such people, their problem is of a psychological nature. This is also confirmed by the fact that micropsia affects not only visual perception, but also hearing, touch, and sometimes your own image of the body on paper. The syndrome manifests itself even when the eyes are closed.
Alien hand syndrome
This is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by the fact that one or both hands act on their own, separate from the "owner" and regardless of his desires. Occasionally found in epileptics. For the first time, this syndrome was observed by the German neurologist Kurt Goldstein in a patient whose left hand during sleep … began to strangle its owner. The disease occurs due to damage that disrupts the transmission of signals between the cerebral hemispheres. As you know, for the treatment of epilepsy in the 1950s practiced cutting the joints of the hemispheres. The epilepsy did stop, but alien hand syndrome occurred.