Naked Science brings you an overview of the most interesting space events for the month of November.
1. Asteroid 2013 TV135 was excluded from the list of especially dangerous. The probability of collision of the 400-meter asteroid 2013 TV135 with the Earth in 2032 has been reduced to 1 chance in 345 thousand.
2. For the first time in the last 8 years, a rare type of solar eclipse, a hybrid, has occurred. Its difference from the usual one is that here the nature of the eclipse changes from total to annular and vice versa. This phenomenon could be observed in Africa and in the Atlantic Ocean.
3. Based on the data obtained from the Kepler telescope, American scientists have presented 833 new candidate planets, 10 of which are potentially biological life.
4. On November 5, India became the first Asian country to send its own space probe to Mars itself.
5. Astronomers have discovered the mineral olivine on the surface of the asteroid West.
6. On the night of Monday, November 11, the debris of the GOCE spacecraft fell to the Earth in the Pacific Ocean region. According to the European Space Agency (ESA), the satellite has officially ceased to exist.
7. A Proton-M launch vehicle with a Briz-M upper stage and a Raduga-1M dual-purpose spacecraft was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in the interests of the RF Ministry of Defense.
8. Telescope MPG / ESO at the La Silla Observatory (Chile) photographed the open cluster NGC 3572, which is located in the constellation Carina at a distance of 6, 5 thousand light years from Earth. The cluster is believed to be about 8 million years old.
9. The Minotaur-1 rocket with 29 small satellites for various purposes was launched from the American Wallops cosmodrome (Virginia).
10. Astronomers have discovered a gigantic cosmic structure in a distant part of our universe. So gigantic that it will take light at least 10 billion years to cross it.
11. The Hubble Space Telescope took a picture of the first quasar 3C 273.
12. Very large telescope - VLT (Very Large Telescope) - photographed the nebula NGC 2035, also known as the Dragon's head.
13. In 1996, the Hubble telescope took a picture of the closest star to the Sun - Proxima Centauri. But for some unknown reason, astronomers decided to release it just now.
14. This ball of over 100,000 stars is a relic from the earliest years of our galaxy and continues to revolve in the center of the Milky Way. M 15 is one of about 170 remaining globular clusters, it has one of the densest star clusters at its center and a large abundance of variable stars and pulsars.
15. On November 18, NASA sent the MAVEN probe to Mars, designed to study the atmosphere of the Red Planet.
16. The new ISS crew went into orbit with their 22nd Olympiad torch.
17. "Galaxies of antennas" NGC 4038 and NGC 4039, taken by "Hubble".
18. Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippine archipelago on November 8. The consequences of the natural disaster are incredible: according to unconfirmed reports, 10 thousand people became victims of a tropical storm, more than 300 thousand houses were damaged, more than half of them were destroyed. It is the strongest typhoon this year and is likely the deadliest ever.
19. At the beginning of its "career" comet ISON predicted the glory of the brightest comet of the decade. But the rapprochement with the luminary "with impunity" did not pass? a huge ball of ice and cosmic dust was almost completely destroyed. The European Space Agency has announced the demise of ISON.
But as they say, the morning is wiser than the evening. In the morning, the comet "resurrected". She was found on the other side of the Sun, though shabby, but alive!