Odessa humorous money, the fictional peoples of Russia, the ban on death, the Order of the Benevolent Clouds - these are very strange, but funny historical facts.
Fictional peoples of Russia
The term does exist, and census statisticians are familiar with it. So, if we proceed from the data of the population census for 2002, then 145,166,731 people lived in our country. 42,980 of them named their nationality “not indicated in the final list”, and some of the respondents, according to them, turned out to be “representatives” of so-called fantastic nationalities, such as Burkins, Irkuts, Atygians, Chuchmeks, Muscovites, Jedi, gnomes, leshies, orcs, goblins, hobbits, noons, elves, Tolkienists, Martians, etc. (more than 430 unique "nationalities" in total).
Some experts argue that they all have every right to demand for themselves (like small nations) a special status, which implies the creation of both their own schools and representations in government bodies.
In the official results of the census, however, none of these "nationalities" are mentioned, although no one thinks to hide the above facts.
In the course of the population census in the Saratov region, one citizen identified himself as a Polovtsian, demanding from the Russian government restitution in the form of the Polovtsian steppes or at least a three-room apartment as compensation. And in Tatarstan, the ubiquitous scribes recorded an Inca speaking the Mohican language. But that's what it is! A well-known politician, businessman and State Duma deputy Vladimir Semago even claimed that he was a Pecheneg.
Odessa humorous money
And this is not a joke at all, but a historical fact. The money was released for the 1989 humor and was released until the 1990s. This happened on the wave of the cooperative movement, allowed by perestroika. They were printed very well and were intended for sale in envelopes (five in each). The money was issued by the non-existent "Counterfeit yard of Odessa-mother" in Moldavanka.
Of course, these banknotes have never been a real means of payment, but they were an excellent souvenir reflecting the political and economic themes of those years that were vital for Odessans. Often these bills were accompanied by inscriptions, for example, of this kind: “This fake, but purely Odessa money is required to be accepted from April 1 to March 31 of each year. They will open the doors of offices and the hearts of officials for you. " Or: “Counterfeiting of Odessa money is pursued with success. They can be used to acquire affection, gratitude and a sense of humor. Bribes with this money are not criminalized."
Among the well-known banknotes such as 1 Yeltsin, 1 Katya with the image of the monument to Catherine II in Odessa and with the inscription "Counterfeiting is punishable by history", Million talents (with the inscription "Odessa + talent. Brevity is his sister"), Odessa dashing pound, Black Hundred, 1 Japanese, Junt of Sturving, One decline, etc.
No need to smile: this is a real legal document that prohibits dying in a certain place. For failure to comply with it, a fine may be imposed on the family of the deceased.
In the past, the ban on death was quite a widespread practice and was imposed both for religious and political reasons, "so as not to desecrate the sacred place." The Greeks, for example, from the 5th century BC. NS. under no pretext was it allowed to die on the sacred island of Delos.
Today the prohibition on death has more pragmatic reasons. So, some localities introduce such a ban as a kind of call to draw the attention of the highest authorities to the problem of the lack of city cemeteries.
The death ban is in force today on the territory of the Svalbard archipelago. If someone is seriously ill or has an accident, he must be immediately evacuated to the mainland. And even if the unfortunate person has already died, they still bury him on the continent. The fact is that in permafrost conditions, buried bodies do not decompose at all, and this attracts such dangerous predators as polar bears.
Order of the Benevolent Clouds
This name is the state award of Taiwan. It was established on February 12, 1941 and is awarded for achievements in national development and the formation of civil society. And at the beginning of the last century, this was the name of the anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
Benevolent clouds are a traditional Chinese image of a good omen. The order can even be awarded to foreign citizens, so go for it!