We present the top unusual Ukrainian weapons, including the Azovets BMP, as well as a new tank, rifle and helicopter.
This combat vehicle was shown quite recently - "Azovets" was officially presented in November 2015. Ukrainian media wrote about the "innovative urban two-turret tank" (the same thesis was repeated by some Russian media). In fact, before us is an attempt to create a tank support combat vehicle (BMPT). It looks, however, very strange. The vehicle received two combat modules, each of which has a 180-degree field of view. There are GSh-23 rapid-fire air cannons and large-caliber machine guns. Two anti-tank missiles can be installed on the BMPT at once: "Stugna" and "Korsar". A vehicle based on the T-64 tank was created. Along the perimeter of the hull there are blocks of dynamic protection "Knife".
In addition to its unusual appearance, the car is amazing for two more reasons. Firstly, this is one of the few samples of armored vehicles created by the efforts of volunteers. And secondly, what is even stranger, "Azovets" looks much more protected than serial samples of military equipment purchased for the needs of the Ukrainian army. We are talking, in particular, about modernized Soviet armored vehicles that do not meet the requirements of modern warfare and are pierced with 12, 7 mm bullets. Units armed with such equipment suffer heavy losses in the ATO zone, and the creation of a new BMPT has become an urgent need. It's just difficult to talk about the prospects of the car in the current circumstances.
Tank of the new generation
Futurized main battle tank - this is the name given to the concept of the Ukrainian "tank of the future". It was first presented by Ukroboronprom and Spetstechnoexport at the DEFEXPO India 2014 exhibition. Before us is an attempt to create an analogue of the Russian T-14, developed on the basis of the Armata platform. In the Ukrainian army, a new tank could replace the T-64 and T-72. The MBT can be equipped with 6TD-4 engines with a capacity of 1500 hp. and 6TD-5 with a capacity of 1800 hp. The motor will be located in the front of the hull, and immediately behind it, the engineers have placed the habitable module. As in the case of the Russian T-14, the new tank should receive an uninhabited remote-controlled turret. The main caliber of the MBT can be the 125-mm Vityaz cannon or the 140-mm promising Bagheera. In addition to them, it is planned to install an anti-aircraft machine gun, and the machine itself should receive reliable protection from most anti-tank weapons. Some decisions of the Soviet school of tank building are guessed in the design, but, obviously, the new tank is supposed to be created from scratch.
The concept of the Futurized main battle tank is interesting, but in the current conditions it looks almost fantastic. Suffice it to say that during the entire war, the Ukrainian army did not receive a single new tank, and all the main battle tanks transferred to the Ministry of Defense are partially modernized old Soviet MBTs. In conditions when it is not even possible to establish the serial production of new BM "Oplot" tanks, there is no need to talk about the development of a new vehicle. The Ukrainian authorities admit that the country's military budget is about 40 times smaller than the Russian one. So a competitor to "Armata" can exist only on paper.
In autumn 2015, the Motor Sich enterprise presented the Mi-2MSB-V helicopter, which was dubbed the “new attack helicopter”. In fact, we are faced with a modification of the Soviet multipurpose Mi-2, which took to the skies in the 60s. The Mi-2MSB-V was equipped with a new AI-450B engine, B-8MSB unguided rockets and machine guns.
The helicopter, of course, can perform strike missions, but with great difficulty. The Mi-2MSB-V did not receive modern sighting devices, and its arsenal does not have guided anti-tank missiles.In addition, the booking of a helicopter is completely insufficient (as for an attack vehicle). The reason for the jokes was the "Spartan" look of the Mi-2MSB-V: the left exhaust pipe with a homemade screen, for example, was compared by Runet users to a "kitchen hood", and in order to at least slightly increase the protection of the rotorcraft, it was proposed to equip it with a "bed net".
Skepticism in this case is quite understandable - by the standards of the 21st century, a combat vehicle is an anachronism. But it can carry out reconnaissance missions relatively successfully. This is assuming that someone will produce the new helicopter. Recall that Ukraine does not have a complete assembly cycle for rotary-wing aircraft, so we can talk about the modernization of already built models of equipment. But a more reasonable solution would be to purchase foreign attack and multipurpose helicopters. Which, of course, requires a lot of financial resources.
One of the novelties of 2015 in the world of domestic small arms was the Hopak rifle presented by Ukroboronprom. The appearance of the product, I must say, is even stranger than its name. The abbreviation GOPAK, by the way, stands for "Operative portable rifle based on AK" ("Gvintyvka is operatively portable on the basis of AK"). In other words, we are facing an attempt to make a sniper weapon based on a Kalashnikov assault rifle.
Strictly speaking, there is nothing unusual in the concept itself. On the basis of the AK, there are many different types of weapons. And the practice of creating sniper rifles based on machine guns is not so rare. Another thing is the very approach to solving the problem. The rifle looks like it was developed not in the 21st century, but in the 70s and 80s of the 20th century. Almost everything in its appearance is given out by the good old AK, and other elements are directly borrowed from other samples of Soviet weapons.
The rifle is designed for cartridge 7, 62 × 39 mm, and the rate of fire can reach 30 rounds per minute. The creators dismantled the AK gas pipe, forend and barrel pad. A muffler was installed on the barrel, and a mount for installing an optical sight was placed on the receiver. The weapon also received a folding bipod from the RPK machine gun, and the standard stock was replaced with a stock from a Kalashnikov machine gun. Now "Hopak" is being tested, and in the future it can be supplied to the Armed Forces of Ukraine. True, the prospects for large-scale production are dubious.
Rifle based on DShK
But, perhaps, the most unusual example of Ukrainian small arms was a large-caliber sniper rifle, created by volunteers on the basis of the DShK and handed over to the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The DShK heavy machine gun has been in operation since 1938, and the conversion of this weapon into a sniper rifle took the volunteers several months. In general, the new product most of all resembles a weapon from the popular fantasy universe of Warhammer. But the engineers, of course, cannot be blamed. The development of this weapon became an extreme measure in conditions in which the army received almost no modern sniper means.
“Our army has enough sniper rifles of high power. This is the third generation of the rifle, the trigger has been moved, for example, a rear monopod has appeared, which improves accuracy and settings. Also, the design of the muzzle brake-compensator has changed, which reduces recoil and increases the accuracy of fire, "- said the volunteers about their brainchild. The weapon is designed for a cartridge of 12, 7 mm. The creators themselves talk about "good prospects for the new complex."
Its analogue, with some reservations, can be called the Russian large-caliber sniper rifle ASVK. And the most advanced examples of such weapons are manufactured in the States - we are talking about Barrett sniper rifles, including the famous Barrett M82. Such complexes can be very useful when it comes to clearing unexploded ordnance or disabling enemy light armored vehicles.