The builders of the Egyptian pyramids could probably envy the engineers of the 20th and 21st centuries. After all, modern transport workers brilliantly solve problems that amaze the imagination: moving multi-ton hotels, rockets and drilling platforms …
Anigito, also known as Cape York, is a giant iron meteorite more than 4.5 billion years old. 10,000 years ago, this celestial body fell on the territory of Greenland, splitting into several parts.
For a long time, the Eskimos made tools and arrowheads from meteorite iron, until the Arctic explorer Robert Peary discovered it in 1894. To deliver the fragments of the space guest to New York, the first and only railway had to be built in Greenland.
The man-tug Kevin Frast has an entertaining hobby: he loves to drag heavy objects solely by the strength of his muscles. For the first time, Frast entered the Guinness Book of Records in 1996, having dragged a truck weighing 16 tons over 30 meters.
Six years later, he improved his record by tackling the 26 tonne colossus, and in 2008 raised the bar to 57.2 tonnes. Kevin Frast drags not only trucks: in 2009 he towed 8, 8 meters … an airplane weighing 188, 7 tons.
What can you do for the sake of art! The Los Angeles Museum of Art had to transport from the quarry a giant monolith weighing 340 tons over a distance of 136.8 kilometers to satisfy the ambitions of sculptor Michael Heiser.
The giant took 11 days to transport and cost more than $ 10 million. But now an art installation called "Levitating Mass" sticks out menacingly over the heads of visitors as they walk along the corridor, heading to the museum building.
The heaviest cargo ever to move across Texas is the 771.1 ton Toshiba steam turbine engine. To transport it in 2010 from the port of Houston to the Riesel power plant, a giant vehicle with 520 wheels had to be built, stretching the length of a football field.
Another man-tug, 34-year-old Briton Simon Ford, decided to push through the frigate HMS Lancaster weighing 1,814 tons. The record was set in 1999 at the Plymouth docks. According to press reports, after his titanic efforts, Ford collapsed to the ground and barely managed to catch his breath.
Large launch vehicles are commonly used to send space satellites and astronaut crews into Earth orbit and beyond. But first they have to be transported to the launch site.
The Saturn 5 rocket, which NASA used in the late 1960s and early 1970s, was 110.6 meters high, which makes it 18.3 meters taller than the famous Statue of Liberty in New York. The propellant-laden rocket weighed 3,100 tons - about 400 elephants.
To move this giant, the American Space Agency developed a special forty-meter tracked carrier weighing 2,570 tons, which was slowly dragged along special paths covered with sand to reduce friction.
The transporter was designed to carry cargo weighing three Saturns, but it was never subjected to such tests.
The five-story "Montgomery", built in 1911, was one of the most luxurious hotels in the American city of San Jose. In addition to 142 guest rooms, it housed two living rooms, a restaurant and a ballroom.
It was the first hotel in the area to use reinforced concrete to provide earthquake and fire resistance.
Over the course of several decades, the Montgomery was so dilapidated that the owners decided to demolish the old hotel and build a new luxury hotel in its place.
However, the city authorities could not allow the destruction of one of the cultural and historical sights of the city, so in 1989 the Montgomery was not destroyed, but moved 56.6 meters.
We admit that the distance is not too great, but when it comes to a 4800-ton building, which must be transported safe and sound, a lot of money and engineering skill are required. The building was carefully detached from the base and raised so that several remote-controlled special vehicles could drive under it.
The operation to move the hotel cost $ 8.5 million, but this is not too much compared to what it would have cost to build a copy of Montgomery.
Evaporative Desalination Plant
In January 2012, Al-Majdui implemented an ambitious evaporative desalination plant transportation project. The weight of the giant was 4,891 tons, the height was 12 meters, and the width was 34.
The transportation was carried out using a self-propelled modular vehicle developed by the German company Scheuerle Fahrzeugfabrik GmbH. The plant for a seawater desalination complex in Saudi Arabia was delivered from a South Korean plant.
The $ 1.5 billion project aims to provide precious drinking water to millions of people in the Middle East.
In the list of the most massive objects transported by the human race, the famous floating hotel takes pride of place, whose fate turned out to be tragic: already during the maiden voyage in 1912, the Titanic sank after colliding with an iceberg.
Today, the oceans are cruised by ships such as the Oasis of the Seas, which are much larger than the ill-fated giant. However, modern ships do not have to be moved by land: the docks in which they are built are filled with water, and the liners go out to sea by their own efforts.
Built at the Bristol shipyard, the Titanic weighing 26,000 tons was at one time the most massive object that ever moved on earth. The workers needed at least 22 tons of soap and grease to create a 2.5-centimeter layer of grease on the slipway, along which the ship was safely dragged to the water in May 1911.
It is quite natural that the first place in this list is occupied by a structure transported by water, and not by land.
It's an engineering marvel, the colossal Troll A natural gas drilling platform.
The giant weighing 1.2 million tons and a height of 471.8 meters is rightfully the heaviest and tallest object that mankind has ever moved on the surface of the Earth.
Troll A had to be transported 280 km off the west coast of Norway. The problem was solved with the help of 10 tugs: eight front ones pulled the platform behind them, and two more corrected the course from behind.
The forces of the armada were only enough to move through the water at a speed of about 2 km / h, so the journey lasted seven days and six hours before the drilling platform reached its destination.