History of famous brands

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History of famous brands
History of famous brands
Anonim

Most famous brands: Black Penny, Inverted Jenny, Holy Grail.

stamps

The first stamp in Russia was issued on December 22, 1857, and came into use on January 1, 1858. Its circulation was 3 million copies. Earlier, the Post Department of the Russian Empire issued a circular "On the introduction of postage stamps for general use." In general, work on the preparation of the issue of Russian stamps began in 1850. Initially, the stamps were supposed to depict the state emblem and the head of the ancient Roman god Mercury. But these proposals were rejected.

The first domestic stamp was printed on white hard paper, made by hand, and could not boast of large dimensions - only 2 × 2, 7 cm. And yet it did not have the pretty teeth we are used to at the edges. On this, in general, an ordinary piece of paper, we see the coat of arms of the Post Department in the form of a white two-headed eagle with post horns, which is enclosed in a blue oval, surrounded by a brown cut with inscriptions. “10 kopecks per lot” means that 13 grams of such stamps are worth 10 kopecks. Lot is a home-metric unit of measure of weight in our country in the VIII-XX centuries. It was used in postal services and was 12, 797251191395300 grams.

Today the first Russian stamp costs from 300 to 700 dollars - canceled (that is, with an imprinted postmark on its front side) and blank - from 12 to 20 thousand dollars.

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The first in the world

Penny Black is the name of the world's first postage stamp. She was released on May 6, 1840 in England. She, too, was petite and had no teeth. Penny Black was painted black with Queen Victoria's white profile printed on it. Its denomination was 1 penny. It was both the stamp and the price of the postage.

The world's first stamp appeared thanks to the Englishman Roland Hill (who later became the chief postmaster of Britain). His mother worked at the post office and constantly complained to her son about the shortcomings of the postal system. All this prompted Hill in 1837 (three years before the first stamp was issued) to create a brochure called "Post Office Reform". This tiny book revolutionized the postage business (as did his future invention, the tiny postage stamp). He also came up with the idea of ​​a single postal rate (1 penny for the delivery of all letters weighing up to 7 grams). This approach has become convenient for everyone - both for postal employees and for ordinary people who use their services. The "design" of the first brand - "Penny Black" - belongs to Charles and Frederick Heath, as well as Henry Cole.

Soon the stamps will appear in other cities and countries of the world: in New York (1842), in Brazil (1843), in Zurich and Geneva (1843), on the island of Mauritius (1845).

The total circulation of "Black Pennies" was 68 million copies. In 2009, one such uncanceled stamp was auctioned off at Sotheby's for £ 20,625.

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Defective

Defective brands are often the most expensive and rare. These include, for example, Sicilian Color Error, Mauritius Pink and Baden Color Error. But the most famous defective stamp is considered to be Inverted Jenny, which was printed in 1918 in honor of the opening of regular mail services by air. These stamps were printed in a hurry, so there were some mistakes. The Jenny biplane was printed upside down. The marriage was noticed, but, apparently, due to the same haste, one hundred “wrong” brands were put on sale.

The first airmail stamps were expensive at 24 cents apiece (first class mail was only 3 cents). And in 2005, a quarter block (four stamps) "Inverted Jenny" cost the collector 2 million 970 thousand dollars.

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Most expensive

The most expensive is the brand with the self-explanatory name "Z Grill". It was issued in 1868, and its denomination was equal to the standard cent.Today the brand is considered one of the rarest. There are only two copies of this quite ordinary-looking stamp in the world, on which you can find out the profile of the founder and first postmaster of the United States, Benjamin Franklin.

The first copy of the stamp is kept in the New York Public Library, to which it was donated in 1925 along with the entire collection of US stamps. A truly royal gift was presented by philatelist Benjamin Miller.

In 2005, this stamp was exchanged for a block from the stamps of the already known to us "Inverted Jenny" - for the same 2.97 million dollars.

It must be said that the “Holy Grail” stamp was made by the so-called waffle method (when the paper is pressed using a special device with tiny protrusions). Colorless paints were added to the paper, or rather pressed in, to prevent the stamp ink from being washed off. That is, it was almost impossible to reuse the brand.

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