World forecasts that have not come true. They were expressed by Margaret Thatcher, Albert Einstein, Dmitry Mendeleev, Khrushchev and others.
“We will bury you,” this famous phrase of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev was addressed to the Western ambassadors and said to them at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow on November 18, 1956. As the words were taken out of context and spread around the world by the Western media, the inhabitants of the capitalist countries were horrified. In fact, the phrase sounded like this: “Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will bury you. " In this case, the country's "main maize" had in mind the well-known thesis of Marx, who said that the proletariat is the gravedigger of capitalism. The reverse translation into Russian turned the phrase into "We will bury you." There is no need to talk about who "buried" whom in the end.
“I don’t think that during my lifetime a woman will be prime minister,” lamented Margaret Thatcher in 1973, and already in 1979 she became the first (and so far the only) woman to hold the post of British Prime Minister.
"We are on the verge of a rocket mail," said American politician Arthur Summerfield, who served with Postmaster General from 1953 to 1961, with self-confidence.
Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev considered the most difficult technical task of the 20th century to dispose of a huge amount of manure (due to the growing number of horses on city streets).
About ten years before Hiroshima, Albert Einstein said that the practical application of atomic energy would come in a hundred years, not earlier.
“France and Germany? These are outdated geographical names … By Germany, you obviously mean a number of Soviet or almost Soviet republics located between the Ural ridge and the North Sea,”Bernard Shaw said. In 1931, after visiting the USSR and a personal meeting with Stalin, the same Bernard Shaw said: “I am leaving the state of hope and returning to our western countries - countries of despair … that the world civilization will be saved … Here, in Russia, I became convinced that the new communist system is capable of leading mankind out of the current crisis and saving it from complete anarchy and destruction."
The famous saying "640 kilobytes should be enough for everyone" is mistakenly attributed to Bill Gates, who has repeatedly stated that he never said anything like that.
Speaking of computers. "The weight of computers in the future will not exceed 1.5 tons," is the phrase commonly attributed to Popular Mechanics magazine (March 1949 issue). In fact, the phrase goes something like this: “While a computer like ENIAC today is equipped with 18 thousand vacuum tubes and weighs 30 tons, computers in the future will be able to manage only 1 thousand tubes and may weigh about 1, 5 t ". The authors of "Popmech", of course, used the word computer, however, at that time it meant, rather, "calculator", and not the usual PC. The quote refers to the time when computers could occupy entire buildings and reducing them to the size of one room was already a bold prediction. At the same time, the microchip was developed only in 1958, and the first fully transistorized computer, the IBM 608, appeared on the market at the end of 1957. It weighed just 1, 2 tons.
"Everything that can be invented has already been invented" - this phrase is attributed to Charles Dewel, head of the US Patent Office at the end of the nineteenth century. In fact, Dewell's famous phrase does not sound at all like that, moreover, its meaning is the opposite: “In my opinion, all previous and present inventions will seem to us very insignificant in comparison with those that this century is preparing for us.I would like to live life anew and see the miracles that are about to appear on our doorstep."
"On the world market it will be possible to sell five pieces of computers," - said the chairman of the board of directors of IBM Thomas J. Watson Sr. in 1943. This quote is reprinted from book to book, but there is no documentary evidence of these words of Watson. But a similar statement belongs to the British professor of physics and mathematics Douglas Hartree, and sounds something like this: "All the necessary calculations in our country can be performed on three digital computers built in Cambridge, Teddington and Manchester." According to another British mathematician and physicist Bertram Bowden in his article, Douglas Hartree also added that “No one will need computers by themselves, and no one can buy them. Computers are incredibly difficult to use and cannot be trusted with anyone other than mathematicians. " And it is difficult to argue with this: computers, indeed, were of little use to anyone other than "scientists-mathematicians" and specialists in the relevant field. At the time when the venerable professor said this phrase, there was neither a friendly interface we were used to, nor an operating system in our understanding of the word.