Record-breaking animals

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Record-breaking animals
Record-breaking animals
Anonim

Blue whale, elephant, chimpanzee, giraffe, anaconda, Arctic tern, etc. - record-breaking animals

whale

Blue whale

Or a blue whale, or vomited. It is considered not only the largest and heaviest modern animal, but also probably the largest of all animals that have ever existed on our planet. Its body length reaches 33 m, and its weight can significantly exceed 150 tons. Despite this size, blue whales are known to feed on plankton, crustaceans, krill, small fish and cephalopods.

The question of the life span of blues is not fully understood, it is only known that it is long - about 80-90 years. And the oldest known blue whale lived up to 110 years.

At the beginning of the last century, due to the uncontrolled capture of blue giants, their numbers began to decline sharply. And despite the measures taken, the total number of individuals now totals no more than 10 thousand.

Elephant

Elephants are considered the largest land animals living on Earth today. They reach a height of 3.5 m, and weigh up to 7 tons.

Moreover, it is one of the smartest animals. They are able to recognize themselves in the mirror, and it is this ability that is considered a sign that the animal / human has self-awareness, its own idea of ​​itself, there is an "I". In addition to humans, dolphins and some species of monkeys are distinguished by the ability to recognize their own image.

The elephant is one of the few animals capable of using tools at hand (that is, in fact, tools). For example, fanning yourself with branches to protect yourself from flies.

Elephants show particular talents for music. It is known that they have an ear for music and a musical memory, they are able to distinguish melodies from three notes, and they prefer playing the violin and low bass to high melodies on the flute. Listed in the International Red Book.

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Chimpanzee

Despite the fact that it is generally impossible to determine the most intelligent animal, all animals, in one way or another, have different abilities most developed. A man with his purely human "chauvinism" towards everything human (excuse the tautology), of course, as a rule, calls intelligent those beings who are intellectually reminiscent of himself. And in many respects he is right: none of the animals has yet built the ISS, nobody has created the Internet, has not developed medicine.

More than other animals, chimpanzees are similar to humans. And they, with some reservations, of course, can be called the smartest. Especially genius individuals are able not only to master sign language, but also to compose short phrases in it. Chimpanzees are well aware of what they are told, some representatives are capable of very productive activities (for example, keeping a fire in the stove, frying fish, using cutlery, etc.). However, these primates also have their own intellectual ceiling: it is believed that they can develop to the level of a three-year-old child, but then - no, no.

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Giraffe

The steppe giraffe is the tallest animal on Earth. Its height reaches 5, 5-6, 1 m, and its weight is 900-1200 kg. Why does a giraffe need such a long neck? Indeed, at one time giraffes did not possess it (their separation from deer-like artiodactyls occurred in the Miocene). According to zoologist Rob Siemens, long necks originated to fight for females - with their help giraffes fight. The more a male has a neck, the more often he defeats his rivals.

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Monarch butterfly

This relatively small butterfly, whose wingspan reaches 8, 9-10, 2 cm, was included in our list because it can rightfully be called the most hardy butterfly on Earth. It lives in North America, the Canary Islands and Madeira (sometimes found in Australia and New Zealand). At the same time, it can be found in Russia, the Azores, Sweden and Spain. And all because during migrations the monarch butterfly is able to cover distances of up to 4 thousand km.

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Queen Alexandra's Birdwing

But this is the largest daytime butterfly on the planet.The wingspan of this beauty can reach 27 cm, and even more. The length of the abdomen reaches 8 cm, weight - up to 12 g. In our latitudes, alas, you will not find it, but in the humid tropical forests of Papua New Guinea, in the region of the Popondetta mountains, you can see it. True, if you're lucky: like everything beautiful in this world, the butterfly is endangered.

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Hummingbird

Much smaller in comparison with the birdwing of Queen Alexandra, the well-known hummingbird. The smallest representative of this order is the bee hummingbird, it is also the smallest bird on Earth. Its length is slightly less than 7 cm, and its weight is less than 2 g. It is found in Cuba.

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Arctic tern

But the most hardy among birds, without a doubt, can be called the Arctic tern. This is the only bird that flies from the Arctic to the Antarctic every season, covering a distance of 70 thousand km! Some individuals are even able to cover more than 80 thousand km per year.

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Ostrich

As you know, the African ostrich is the largest modern bird on the planet. It can reach 270 cm in height and 156 kg in weight. It is not surprising that, translated from Latin, the scientific name of the bird - Struthio camelus - sounds like "camel sparrow".

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Cheetah

The fastest land mammal on the planet. In 3 seconds, the cheetah develops a speed of up to 130 km per hour.

On June 20, 2012, an eleven-year-old female cheetah named Sarah set a new world record for the 100-meter animal in the United States, running the distance in 5.55 seconds.

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Anaconda

This terrible and at the same time majestic creature is the largest snake in the world. The mass of the most famous "weighty" specimen is 97.5 kg with a length of 5.2 m. But theoretically the snake can reach even larger sizes. However, not much. Lives in tropical South America, as well as on the island of Trinidad.

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Japanese giant salamander

It is considered the largest amphibian in the world. It can reach 1.44 m in length and weigh up to 25 kg. Lives only in Japan - in the western part of the island of Honshu, throughout the island of Shikoku and partly on the island of Kyushu.

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Whale shark

The largest fish on the planet. Its length is at least 12-14 m (and possibly 18-20 m). It lives in warm waters of tropical latitudes throughout the World Ocean. It is considered a rare species.

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