April 12 marks the 60th anniversary of the first manned flight into space. In 1961, the Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin took off in a spaceship from the Baikonur cosmodrome and made the first orbital flight around the Earth for the first time in the world. The flight in near-earth space lasted one hour and 48 minutes, after which Gagarin successfully landed.
As part of the anniversary, Naked Science prepared a test on some aspects of the astronaut's biography and the facts of the storming of the heavens. Do you know well the history of the first manned flight into space? And what about the biography of cosmonaut No. 1? Are you confident in your abilities? Then try to take the test. Go!
Don't forget to share your results in the comments.
Who were Yuri Gagarin's parents in terms of social status?
Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin and Anna Timofeevna Matveeva (Gagarina), the parents of the first cosmonaut, were peasants, lived and worked in the village of Klushino, Gzhatsky District (now Smolensk Region).
Peasants Workers Military and teacher 2/10
What was the first specialty of Yuri Gagarin, which he received after graduating from Lyubertsy vocational school No. 10?
In June 1951, Gagarin graduated with honors from college with a degree in molder-foundry. Gagarin's own description (in "The Road to Space") of what the foundry workers are doing gives the impression: "We make molds, put rods, cover the upper flask and put them on the conveyor."
Pilot Aviator Shaper Caster Auto Mechanic 3/10
What was Gagarin's call sign during the flight into space?
Gagarin's call sign was "Cedar". It was chosen taking into account two conditions: 1) the word must be clear, sonorous; 2) it should not be included in the lexicon of negotiations with the Earth. Therefore, there can be no callsign like "Panel" or "Horizon".
"Oak" "Birch" "Cedar" 4/10
In the description of Gagarin, compiled by a group of specialists from the Central Military Research Aviation Hospital for the selection of the first cosmonaut corps, among other things, it says: "a favorite word …"
“My favorite word is“work”. At meetings, he makes practical suggestions. Constantly confident in myself, in my abilities."
Homeland Work Space 5/10
If on April 12, Gagarin and his understudy German Titov could not go into space, then they would be replaced:
Grigory Nelyubov, along with Gagarin and Titov, was one of the main candidates for the first space flight.
Alexey Leonov Grigory Nelyubov Andriyan Nikolaev 6/10
What was the name of the spacecraft on which Gagarin flew on April 12, 1961?
Yuri Gagarin: “I knew that the ship, which was to fly, was named“Vostok”. Apparently, they called it that, because the sun rises in the east and daylight crowds out the darkness of the night, moving from the east."
Zarya-1 Voskhod-1 Vostok-1 7/10
The landing of Yuri Gagarin did not happen according to plan: he was supposed to land 110 kilometers from Stalingrad, but ended up where he learned to fly an airplane. Where did Gagarin land?
Gagarin's landing took place not far from Engels, near the villages of Smelovka and Podgornoye, Saratov region.
In the Smolensk region In the Saratov region In the Tyumen region 8/10
After the flight, Gagarin was awarded an extraordinary military rank. Which?
During the flight, Yu. A. Gagarin was awarded the extraordinary military rank "Major" by the Minister of Defense of the USSR.
Colonel Major Lieutenant Colonel 9/10
After landing, Gagarin was presented with his first award for space flight. Which one?
It is curious that the first award that Gagarin received after the flight was the medal "For the development of virgin lands." In a strange way, it later became something of a tradition, and after Gagarin, many cosmonauts received it immediately after landing.
Medal "For Courage" Medal "For Labor Valor" Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands" 10/10
Once Lev Nikolaevich Tolkalin, one of the biographers and friends of Yuri Gagarin, was asked: "Who could Yuri Gagarin have become if he had not died in a plane crash while performing a training flight?" To which Tolkalin no doubt replied:
“Better not to fantasize; however, it is a fact: the first cosmonaut It is better not to fantasize; however, it is a fact: the first cosmonaut - the president of the USSR - is much more believable than the performer of the role of the Terminator - as the governor of California."
First person on the Moon President Head of Roscosmos
What did I miss? 8/10
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