The Danish government has approved a plan to create an artificial island near Copenhagen. It is designed to house 35,000 people and protect the Danish capital from rising sea levels.
They are going to spend 20 million Danish kroner, or 2.6 million euros, on the development of the project. It is supposed to be a gigantic artificial island called Linettholm.
It will appear to the north of Refshale Island, a former industrial area. The area of the object will be one square mile - or 2.6 square kilometers. It will be designed for 35 thousand inhabitants. It is also connected to the mainland by a ring road, tunnels and a metro line.
Linettholm's plans include a perimeter dam system. They must protect Copenhagen from future sea level rise. “Linettholm will effectively protect Copenhagen from storm surges from the north and ensure the safety of the city's residents facing extreme weather conditions,” said Danish Transport Minister Benny Engelbrecht.
The island's plan was presented by the government of former Prime Minister Lars Lecke Rasmussen in October 2018, and approved by the Copenhagen Municipality. The idea is that Linettholm should solve the problem of the lack of housing in the capital and help to cope with traffic jams - by redirecting cars around the city center, and not through it.
The development of the project should begin this year, and the work will last 50 years. If construction goes according to plan, most of the foundation will be ready by 2035. And in 2070, the artificial island will be completed.
However, after the bill was passed, a mass rally took place outside the parliament building in Copenhagen. Protesters opposed the construction of the island. Eco-activists have referred the case to the European Court of Justice. They believe that the project will harm the ecology of the capital: in particular, it will increase the flow of transport. It is estimated that it will take up to 350 truck trips per day to deliver raw materials to the project site. In addition, environmentalists were concerned about the movement of sediment (particulate matter carried by the flow of water or air) into the sea and its possible impact on the local ecosystem and water quality.