It is believed that high testosterone levels affect men's success. But an international team of scientists has shown that this is not the case.
Several studies have linked testosterone levels in male executives to their socioeconomic success rates. It has been found that testosterone levels are actually higher in men with college degrees and entrepreneurship.
However, it is also known that the presence of a correlation does not mean a causal relationship. Although there is evidence that testosterone can make a person more aggressive and risk-averse, these qualities can potentially be useful in the labor market.
But there is an opinion that not a higher level of testosterone leads to financial well-being, but, on the contrary, a favorable socio-economic situation increases testosterone. And there is an explanation for this. Thus, it is known that low social status causes chronic stress, which, in turn, can reduce testosterone levels. High levels of this hormone are also associated with good health, which can contribute to better results in life.
Scientists from the University of Bristol (UK) and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology studied data from the UK Biobank on 306,248 people and analyzed genetic variants associated with testosterone. They then examined how these options correlate with the socioeconomic status of the participants, including financial income, educational attainment, self-esteem, and overall health. The work was published in the journal Science Advances.
As in previous studies, men with higher testosterone levels have been shown to have higher incomes, live in more affluent areas, are more likely to graduate and have prestigious jobs than those who lack the hormone.
In women, however, high testosterone levels were associated with lower socioeconomic status, lower income, living in poor areas, and less chances of getting a college degree. Nevertheless, scientists have not identified the genetic mechanisms of the influence of testosterone on all these factors, so they concluded that its increased level may well be not a cause, but a consequence of general well-being in men.