White spots of the planet

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White spots of the planet
White spots of the planet
Anonim

Greenland, the Mariana Trench, the island of Tristan da Cunha, the Gankar Punsum mountains are the white spots of the Earth.

Greenland ice sheet

Greenland ice sheet

This largest island in the world is known to be 81% covered with glacier. Exploration of Greenland is extremely problematic, not only because of its inaccessibility, but also because of the terrible weather conditions: wind, snow and cold.

Northern mountains of colombia

These mountains were mainly explored only by partisan fighters and criminals, so it is very difficult to say how many mountains were actually explored. Scientists are still discovering new representatives of flora and fauna here.

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Amazon rainforest

They are also considered one of the most inaccessible places on the planet - because of the dense forest and poisonous animals. It is not surprising that scientific expeditions get here infrequently. Meanwhile, there still live (or almost) unexplored local tribes, completely untouched by modern civilization.

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Papua New Guinea

As in the forests of the Amazon, very wild tribes, as well as the rarest representatives of plants and animals, still live here. Many species have not yet been discovered.

One of the problems, due to which the tribes remain little explored, is cannibalism, which still flourishes here.

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Tristan da Cunha

This small archipelago of islands is one of the most isolated on the planet (as are Easter Island and the Pitcairn Islands in the Pacific). It is located in the South Atlantic Ocean, 2816 km from South Africa, 3360 km from South America and 2161 km south of Saint Helena.

The only island with a permanent population bears the name of the entire archipelago - Tristan da Cunha. All of its inhabitants are descendants of eight men (Scotsman, Dutchman, two Englishmen, two Italians, two Americans) and seven women (five mulatto women: four from St. Helena and one from Cape Town, as well as two Irish women) who moved here from 1816 to 1908 …

The islands are not connected by passenger flights to the mainland. The archipelago can only be reached by fishing boats (which run here once a month) and helicopters from scientific expeditions.

There are no mammals on the islands (except for the mice and seals brought to the island of Gough on the shores), reptiles and butterflies, but there are many endemic plants (living in a narrow range). And the smallest flightless bird on Earth has survived on the Inaccessible Island - the shepherd boy of the Inaccessible Island, or the Tristan shepherd boy.

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Gankar Punsum

The Gankar Punsum mountains are considered one of the highest in the world. They are located on the borders of Tibet, China and Bhutan. These heights have not been explored, not only because of their inaccessibility, but also because of political and social differences between the three countries.

I must say that Tibet as a whole is a poorly explored place. In fact, except for a handful of monks, few are guided here.

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Mariana Trench

Not a single even the most "white" spot on Earth can compare in its unexploredness with the unexplored ocean. Even the Moon, according to scientists, has been studied more than what is hidden by the waters of the oceans. Well, the most mysterious place of the latter is, of course, the Mariana Trench - the deepest place on our planet. It is located in the west of the Pacific Ocean. The deepest point of the Mariana Trench is the Challenger Abyss, which is 10,994 ± 40 m below sea level. Almost no one has been here, but one of the most famous "visitors" to the Mariana Trench was the famous director James Cameron - the third person in history to reach the deepest point in the world's oceans, and the first to do it alone. Cameron reached the Challenger Abyss, took samples of rocks and living organisms, discovered hitherto unknown fish resembling sea monsters, and filmed using 3D cameras.His unique footage formed the basis for the National Geographic documentary Journey to the Center of the Earth (2013).

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