Religious symbols

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Religious symbols
Religious symbols
Anonim

The Dharmachakra, the wheel of samsara, the Orthodox cross, the crescent and the star are religious symbols. What is their significance?

Religious symbols

Baha'i

Formally, the symbol of the Bahá'í Faith is a five-pointed star, however, it is associated with this teaching, first of all, the nine-pointed star (nine for the Bahá'í is a sacred number) - the symbol of the "Greatest Name". Bahá'ís consider their religion the last world monotheistic religion, while religious scholars classify it as an Islamic-syncretic sect, as well as a new and world religion.

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Buddhism

Dharmachakra, or "wheel of drachma" and also "wheel of law", is a symbol of the Buddha's teachings and is depicted as a wheel with five, six or eight spokes. The hub (center of the wheel) symbolizes the luminous point of consciousness, which emits spiritual light, and the eight spokes - following the "Noble Eightfold Path" (eight noble principles), which is the essence of the Buddha's teachings. These are the principles: correct view, correct thinking, correct speech, correct behavior, correct lifestyle, correct effort, correct awareness, correct contemplation.

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Sometimes two gazelles are depicted on the sides of the wheel, which are a symbol of Buddhist preaching. This is due to the legend that these animals also listened to the first sermon of the Buddha.

Bhavachakra - a similar symbol, also reminiscent of a wheel ("wheel of samsara"), denotes the endless cycle of existence, characterized by birth, death and new births.

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Taoism

The famous black and white "fish" Yin and Yang are one of the main concepts of ancient Chinese natural philosophy. The concept of Yin and Yang denotes two positions: firstly, that everything in this world is constantly changing, and secondly, that the opposites complement each other (in this, Taoism partly resembles Masonic philosophy with one of its symbols - the chess floor; more about Freemasonry and its symbols, read Marina Ptichenko's article "Freemasonry: not a secret society, but a society with secrets"). According to Taoism, the goal of human existence is balance and harmony of opposites, with which it is difficult to disagree. Yin stands for black, feminine and inward, Yang for white, masculine and outward.

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Zoroastrianism

This ancient religion is based on a person's free moral choice of good thoughts, words and deeds. The symbol of Zoroastrianism - Faravahar - is a winged disc, in the upper part of which is depicted the human body - Fravashi, which is an analogue of the guardian angel in the Abrahamic religions. Initially, this symbol, however, depicted a winged sun (a symbol of power and divine origin), later the image of a man was added to it. In general, faravahar means divine blessing (and according to some versions - royal glory).

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Islam

Despite the global character of this religion, Islam as such does not have any symbols (for more information about Islam, see the article by Evgeny Shurygin “Islam is not aggressive - there are aggressive representatives”). However, the “unofficial” symbols of Islam are, of course, the crescent and the star (for more information about the symbolism of Islam, as well as Christianity and Judaism and their meaning from the point of view of depth psychology, read the material “1000 and 1 Nights”: Under the Power of an Eastern Woman”).

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Regarding the symbol or emblem, it can be said that Muslims worship Allah and reject any idols. Muslims ask for blessing and protection only from Allah, and therefore Muslims do not have a symbol, such as the cross of Christians. Some Muslims have chosen the crescent moon as a symbol in opposition to the cross, but this is wrong, and this is an innovation in Islam.

Sheikh Muhammad Salih al Munajid

Hinduism

The quintessence of the word "Om" ("Aum") is a mantra.Aum is a symbol of Hinduism and means the universal name of God, the three letters of which denote the three main gods and their spheres of influence - Creation, Maintenance and Destruction, and in addition, symbolize three states of consciousness: awakening, meditation and deep sleep.

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The well-known swastika is also a symbol of Hinduism, and, as you know, denotes the Sun, harmony, the unity of forces and elements, auspicious design. Contrary to popular belief, the idea of ​​hoisting this symbol on the national flag of Nazi Germany did not at all belong to the mystic-obsessed Adolf Hitler, but it was he who approved it as a symbol of National Socialism.

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Nevertheless, I was forced to reject all the countless projects sent to me from all over by young supporters of the movement, since all these projects boiled down to only one theme: they took the old colors and against this background, in different variations, they drew a hoe-shaped cross. (…) After a series of experiments and alterations, I myself have drawn up a finished project: the main background of the banner is red; a white circle inside, and in the center of that circle is a black hoe-shaped cross. After long alterations, I finally found the necessary ratio between the size of the banner and the size of the white circle, and also finally settled on the size and shape of the cross.

Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

In addition, the swastika was used as a symbol of German socialism by various military organizations even before the appearance of the Nazis in the political arena in Germany.

Fortunately, the solar symbol "worked" as a guardian not of the Nazis themselves, but of the Nazis, giving hope for "favorable plans" to the rest of the world.

Judaism

The symbol of the six-pointed star of David (hexagram) is of more ancient origin than Judaism itself. This symbol became Jewish only in the 19th century. The very same sign of the hexagram was known in India under the name Anahanta chakra, probably long before it appeared in the Middle East and Europe.

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There are many interpretations of the Star of David symbol, including both traditional ones and those proposed in the 20th century. The hexagram is interpreted as a combination and combination of two principles: male (triangle with "broad shoulders" pointing downwards) and female (triangle pointing upwards), heavenly and earthly, fire combined with air and water combined with earth; management of the whole world: earth, sky and four cardinal points, etc.

Occultism

The general name of the teachings based on belief in otherworldly and supernatural forces - occultism, also corresponds to its symbol - the pentagram. She is the oldest and most complex mystical symbol, the first mention of which dates back to Ancient Greece. The pentagram literally means "five lines" in Greek. This symbol, for example, was the hallmark of the Pythagorean school, whose followers believed that a beautiful polygon has many magical properties. Researchers believe that the pentagram probably appeared 4 thousand years ago in Mesopotamia and denoted, apparently, the astronomical scheme of the planet Venus. This star symbol usually denotes a person, where the top point is the head and the other four are the limbs. Sometimes the pentagram is also considered as a depiction of the five senses.

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Satanism

The seal of Baphomet is the official symbol of the Church of Satan. It is the same pentagram, only inverted, often also with the head of a goat inscribed in it. Around the pentagram is a ring, in which the name of Leviathan is inscribed opposite each end of the star.

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Sikhism

This religion was founded in India by Guru Nanak (1469 - 1539). Today its adherents are more than 22 million people around the world. The most important symbol of religion is khanda, which is a double-edged sword (the Sikh concept of a holy warrior) surrounded by a chakra - an Indian steel throwing ring (a symbol of the unity of God and man).On both sides are two kirpans (the national form of the Sikh knife), personifying spiritual and worldly power, which emphasizes that for the Sikh, both spiritual life and obligations to the community are equally important.

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Christianity

The symbol of the cross in Christianity, according to some researchers, is also not the original, but, like the star and the crescent in Islam, a later innovation. Initially, the symbol of the Christian religion was the image of a fish. In the ancient Greek language, the fish is designated as Ίχθύς ("ichthis (ichtyus)"), which corresponds to the abbreviation of the Christian postulate "Ἰησοῦς Χριστός, Θεοῦ Υἱός, Σωτήρ" - "Jesus Christ is the Son of God the Savior."

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The Orthodox cross, as you know, differs from the Catholic one and consists of four crossbeams. Small horizontal designates a tablet with the inscription "Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews." The oblique crossbar symbolizes the two robbers crucified next to Jesus, where the upward end of the crossbar indicates the forgiven of them, and the downward end of the second, who went to hell. Another version, however, says that the crossbar is just a footrest for the crucified, which did not allow him to die immediately after the execution.

The shape of the cross in the form of two beams, like that of the Catholics, came from ancient Chaldea, where, as in neighboring countries, it symbolized the god Tammuz.

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