10 new species of 2014

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10 new species of 2014
10 new species of 2014
Anonim

Yesterday, the International Committee of Taxonomists named the ten most interesting species of living organisms discovered over the past year.

olingito

Every year, since 2008, on the birthday of the great Swedish scientist Karl Linnaeus, the creator of a unified classification system for flora and fauna, a list of the most interesting biological species discovered over the past year is announced.

Olingito

The star of this list can rightfully be called the olingito (Bassaricyon neblina), living in Ecuador.

We are talking about the first carnivorous mammal discovered in the last 35 years in the New World.

In addition to the scientific importance of such a discovery, the appearance of the animal, resembling a plush toy, made a splash among animal lovers.

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Dragon tree of Kavesak

Kawesak's beautiful dragon tree (Dracaena kaweesakii) was identified as a new species only last year.

If a twenty-meter tree growing in Thailand has remained unnoticed by science for so long, then perhaps there are still many interesting species in this country waiting for their discoverers.

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Sea anemone ANDRILL

This species of Antarctic anemones was named after the Antarctic Geological Drilling Program (ANDRILL). This is the first and so far the only species of anemones living in ice.

These creatures, 2-3 centimeters long, burrow into the ice shelf, leaving only a couple of dozen tentacles outside in the water. The discovery of complex organisms that survive in such harsh conditions amazed zoologists last year.

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Skeleton shrimp

The newly discovered skeleton shrimp (Liropus minusculus) looks like a fabulous creature and is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful and interesting invertebrate species.

They found her in a cave on Santa Catalina Island, near Southern California. The female is approximately 2.5 mm and the male is 3 mm.

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Orange penicillus

Orange penicillus mold (Penicillium vanoranjei), distinguished by its bright color, was named so not only because of its color, but also in honor of the King of the Netherlands, the Prince of Orange.

In addition to color, the new fungus is interesting in that it produces a leaf structure that protects it from drying out.

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Leaf tailed gecko

The Australian leaf-tailed gecko (Saltuarius eximius) is difficult to spot due to its camouflage coloration and unusually wide leaf-shaped tail.

You can find it in tropical forests and rocks. Frozen in an upright position on a tree or on a stone, this night hunter calmly waits for the next unwary insect to get closer.

Researchers have not been able to find such lizards in the surrounding areas of Australia, so it is assumed that we are talking about a very rare species.

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Amoeboid protist

The amoeboid protist (Spiculosiphon oceana) is a real giant among unicellular organisms. Its dimensions are from 3 to 5 centimeters.

The behavior of this creature amazed biologists: the protist collects pieces of sponges and builds a spongy shell from them. Moreover, it uses sponge spicules, completely mimicking their behavior.

This amazing species was discovered in an underwater cave 50 km off the coast of Spain. In the same cave, predatory sea sponges were found earlier for the first time.

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Cleanroom microbe

This microbe (Tersicoccus phoenicis) was found in rooms where spacecraft are assembled under conditions of (supposedly) absolute sterility. Researchers fear that he could already contaminate Mars by hitting the Red Planet along with the rovers. But it is possible that its relatives already live on other planets, since this organism is able to survive in extreme conditions.

The microbe was found on the floor in two completely sterile rooms at once on different continents: Florida and French Guiana.

Taking into account the measures taken to clean these rooms, Tersicoccus phoenicis, according to scientists, taught science an important lesson in what incredible conditions life can exist.

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Tinker Bell Fairy Fly

The Tinkerbella nana fairy fly, named after Peter Pan's winged companion, lives in the forests of Costa Rica. Its size is approximately 0.25 mm, so we are talking about one of the smallest insects in the world.

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Bulging Ground Slug

In the caves of western Croatia, at a depth of more than a kilometer, this slow, eyeless creature, a bulging earth slug (Zospeum tholussum), lives. The lack of pigmentation gives its shell a ghostly appearance.

Even by snail standards, the Zospeum tholossum moves extremely slowly, covering a distance of less than 2 cm per week. Scientists believe that this miniature organism uses streams of water or other animals, such as bats, for long-distance travel.

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