Endangered plants

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Endangered plants
Endangered plants
Anonim

Endangered plants - Nepentes Attenborough, Risanthella Gardner, Suicide Palm, Opposite-leaved Jellyfish, Herrera Mammillaria.

carnivorous plants

Nepentes Attenborough

These amazing "cups" are insect-eating predators. Nepentes grows on the island of Palawan (Philippines) and on the slopes of Mount Victoria. Nepenthes attenboroughii is a woody shrub that reaches 1.5 meters in height. The average dimensions of his "jugs" are about 25 cm in length and 12 cm in width. This plant was first discovered by Christian missionaries trying to conquer Victoria Peak in 2000, then - in 2007 - described by an expedition of biologists.

The largest jug flower found is a 1.5-liter "cup". It is not surprising that cases have been recorded when not only insects, but also small rodents fell into such a trap.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature considers this plant to be endangered due to its small distribution area and poaching.

Palm-suicide

This is the name of the Madagascar palm Tahina. In addition to the fact that this plant was included in the list of the ten most remarkable species of 2009 (according to the International Institute for Species Research), it also entered the list of the most endangered - in 2012 (according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature). The biggest threat to this tree is active deforestation of the jungle and forest fires (in addition to its own slow reproduction).

The palm tree grows in only one place on Earth - in the Analalava region in the northwest of Madagascar. With a height of 18 meters, it is considered the largest palm tree on the island.

Tahina spectabilis bears fruit, in fact, just before its death, blooming at 30-50 years. The fruiting process takes too much energy from the tree, so after it is completed, the palm tree dries up. As of 2012, only thirty adult Tahina palms remain in Madagascar.

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Risantella Gardner

Rhizanthella gardneri is a species of succulent in the orchid family. They differ from other orchids only in one thing - that they grow underground, but their flowers are outside. The plant does not draw energy from sunlight, but is fed by fungi parasitizing on it. Rizanthella bloom in April-May-June, in the inflorescence there are from 8 to 90 maroon flowers that exude the smell of formalin. Only a few places where this amazing flower grows are known - they are all located in Western Australia and total only 50 colonies.

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Meduzagina opposite-leaved

Medusagyne oppositifolia is the only member of the jellyfish family. The plant got this name because of the similarity of the fruit with the jellyfish. The tree reaches 9 meters in height and grows only on the island of Mahe (Seychelles). Yes, and there it is extremely difficult to see him, since Meduzagina chooses the hard-to-reach crevices of the rocks. This plant is not just rare - it was even thought to be extinct until it was rediscovered in the 1970s. Today, there are up to 90 mature trees, many of which have already lost the ability to bear fruit.

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Mammillaria herrera

This cactus is from the genus Mammillaria, which is well known to any cactus grower. The genus itself is very common, but the species Mammillaria herrerae in the wild can be found only in the vicinity of the city of Cadereita (state of Queretaro, Mexico), although it is a fairly frequent guest on the windows of cactus growers. This miniature and very charming cactus up to 3.5 cm in diameter gives flowers with a diameter of 2.5 cm. It is due to its popularity with cactusists and ease of care that the number of wild-growing herrera has decreased by 90% over the past 20 years.

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