On the presented graph you can see all domestic nuclear icebreakers that were used before, are in use now, or will appear in the foreseeable future.
Russia is the only country in the world that has a nuclear icebreaker fleet. Its main task is to ensure a national presence in the Arctic.
One of the main advantages of nuclear icebreakers is that there is no need for regular refueling, so that ships can remain in the ice for a long period.
The first Soviet atomic icebreaker was the Lenin, launched in 1957. He is also the world's first nuclear powered surface ship. The displacement of the icebreaker (without ballast) is 16 thousand tons. Its length is 134 meters, width is 27 meters.
The basis of the Russian nuclear icebreaker fleet in Russia is the ships of the "Arctic" type. For all the time, six such icebreakers were built, of which two - "Yamal" and "50 Let Pobedy" - continue to serve until now.
In the future, Russia wants to commission fundamentally new types of icebreakers. So, soon the nuclear icebreaker fleet will replenish the first vessel of type 22220, the main difference of which will be its versatility.
We are grateful to the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom for help in creating the material.