5 technologies that will change tourism in the future

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5 technologies that will change tourism in the future
5 technologies that will change tourism in the future

The earth is extraordinarily beautiful and interesting. Every year millions of people from all over the world go on trips to see its beauty with their own eyes. Modern technologies allow us to look at our planet in a new way. Naked Science has tried to envision the tourism of the future.

Tourism on other planets

Jetpacks and jetpacks

Thousands of tourists annually come to the Giza plateau in Egypt to look at the pyramids. View with heads up. But how would the impressions of contemplating the pyramids change if they could be seen from a bird's eye view with our own eyes. Or, even better, touch their tops with your hands. The height of the Cheops pyramid - the highest of the three great pyramids of Giza - is 138 meters. And this altitude is achievable if you use a jet-pack from the New Zealand company Martin Aircraft.


The personal ultralight aircraft Martin Jetpack is capable of lifting one person to a height of 915 meters, making a vertical takeoff and landing and staying in the air for 30 minutes. Martin Jetpack was created from the very beginning for the travel business. Although they are already interested in representatives of government services. Martin Aircraft differs from other similar devices in that the flight is carried out due to small diameter propellers located in annular channels and driven by an internal combustion engine. A competing technology - jetpacks - provide jet-powered flight. In them, thrust is created by a jet jet ejected by the engine vertically downward.


The Martin Jetpack will be the first personal aircraft to be mass-produced. The estimated price of the product is 200 thousand dollars. Sale to individuals is scheduled for the end of 2017.

With such a device, you can descend and fly inside the Grand Canyon, fly along Niagara Falls, or fly around the Statue of Liberty. By the way, such a test flight last year was carried out by JetPack Aviation, which is developing a JB-9 jetpack equipped with two gas turbine engines.


Tourist submarines

Not everyone dares to become a diver. But it would be interesting for many to see the underwater depths and their inhabitants. Tourist submarines, large and small, for group tours and to satisfy personal curiosity, are becoming indispensable helpers. Many resorts around the world already have underwater cruises. In the Caribbean, Hawaii, Cyprus, Egyptian Hurghada and Spain, you can see the beauty of underwater flora and fauna and go down to sunken ships. The main manufacturers of excursion boats are the Canadian company Atlantis Submarines and the Finnish Mobimar. Tourist submarine of domestic production "Sadko", released by the Central Design Bureau "Rubin" in 1997, rolls tourists off the coast of Larnaca (Cyprus).

For those who prefer to travel in closer company, there are already small class submarines. Such, for example, are produced by the U-Boat Worx company. Her most recent development is the Cruise Sub. Unlike the submarines that existed before it, the Cruise Sub is equipped not with portholes, but with large transparent spheres that provide a panoramic view and allow you to see everything around. The seats rotate inside a sphere, and each of the passengers can choose the best position for themselves.


There are submarines for individualists too. These, for example, are developed by the designer and engineer Graham Hawke.Its DeepFlight Super Falcon is designed for two people and is designed for medium depth dives. So far, such boats will be produced only in limited quantities or by special order. But Hawke plans to produce several of them for himself, to rent out to those who want to plunge into the beauty of the underwater world.


Everything suggests that this sector of the tourism business will only develop. There is a lot to see in the underwater world. If now such devices mainly float along the coast, then tomorrow they will allow you to go on long ocean cruises, offering to observe the migrations of blue whales along the way, swim along the Gulf Stream, go down to the place of the sinking of the Titanic or even into the Mariana Trench.


Travel robots

You don't always want to bother with long flights and the registration of passports. It would be nice to come home in the evening after work and be, for example, on the famous Parisian boulevard Saint-Germain or on the Champ de Mars. And without taking off your slippers and without getting off the couch. Such a "window to Paris" is already technically possible, it remains to make it accessible to everyone.

The set of technologies that allow a person to observe things and events in a place other than his physical location, as well as to influence them, is called telepresence technology. The effect of being in another place is achieved with the help of special devices: controlled robots located in the place of interest to the user, and a terminal - this can be a computer monitor, a tablet or a virtual reality helmet. At the same time, you do not need to control the robot in detail. He himself will enter the necessary doors and will not bury his nose in the walls, you only need to indicate the direction of movement.

Telepresence robots are already in use today. Such robots are produced by many domestic and foreign companies. They are already used to visit exhibitions, attend conferences, including as a speaker. If a person is sick and cannot leave the house, a robot can be used to “come” to work or an educational institution. Soon the technology will come to the tourism business.

This technology has great potential. In the future, it will be possible to rent a robot anywhere in the world and make, without getting up from the couch, a trip to almost any city in the world. Moreover, unlike the virtual panoramas of Google Maps, this can be done in real time, communicating with people who will meet you, or rather a robot, on the way. Where there are no roads, a telepresence drone will help you. Of course, this will happen as drones become more advanced. Then it will be possible to fly over the night New York or Moscow without leaving home.

Renting out telepresence robots and drones will become a common service such as car rental. Robots will wait for connection in any more or less attractive place for tourists. Anyone who has access to the Internet will be able to use the service. In fact, this is the same avatar that allows you to be anywhere.


Travel to the stratosphere

Dreaming of flying into space, but can't afford it yet? Not only you. Until space travel becomes a reality, flights to the stratosphere may be a relatively cheap alternative. There is still no weightlessness here, but the bulk of the atmospheric air remained below, so the sky is almost black, like in space, and the stars are visible even during the day. The horizon is curved and the roundness of the Earth is visible. Not everyone can distinguish between the view from the porthole of the stratospheric capsule and the view from the ISS in low Earth orbit. Although it is still about 400 kilometers away.

The American company World View Enterprises plans to send tourists to the stratosphere in a capsule, which will rise in a balloon to an altitude of about 32 km above sea level. Airplanes practically do not fly here, air routes and clouds, with the exception of very rare silver ones, remained below.Auroras, which are observed by astronauts on the ISS, already from the height of their orbit, are also much higher. The rest of the species is quite cosmic. By the way, the ozone layer, which ecologists are so concerned about, is located in the stratosphere.

A giant balloon filled with 400 thousand cubic meters of helium will lift a pressurized cabin for six passengers and two pilots. The flight in the stratosphere will last about two hours. But it will be preceded by an ascent, it will take another hour and a half to two hours. A balloon is not a rocket or an airplane, its speed is much lower. During the flight, tourists will be able to move freely around the capsule and use the Internet. Then the balloon is simply cut off, and the capsule will descend to Earth by parachute. This will take the same amount of time as the ascent into the stratosphere.

Last October, the company successfully tested a scaled-down version of the tourist capsule, trials with a full-size capsule are planned for this year, and the first tourists will go into the stratosphere next year. The announced ticket price is 75 thousand US dollars.


Space tourism

But sooner or later, space tourism will become a reality. For those with limited funds, they came up with low-cost suborbital flights into space, where in 15 minutes you can be enchanted by unearthly views and feel weightlessness. For those who want to visit space "seriously", examine the Earth in detail and see the Sun against the background of the starry sky, they will offer flights to orbit. Many private space tour operators and carriers will take people into orbit or to space hotels. Several private space hotels in orbit and a couple on the moon will be ready to host you for the night. And with two transfers it will be possible to get to the moon. The first is in near-earth orbit, the second is in the circumlunar.

The most interesting thing is that, in general, there are already technologies for space tourism. After all, the first cosmonaut flew into space 55 years ago. American astronauts visited the moon 47 years ago. The profession of an astronaut has long been not so romantic and dangerous. But they still cannot make accessible and massive flights into space. And since no revolutionary changes in space flight technologies are foreseen yet, the main hope is in private companies. And there are already such.

Blue Origin is an aerospace company owned by Amazon owner Jeff Bezos. The main area of ​​work is reusable suborbital ships. In April of this year, Blue Origin once again successfully launched its rocket into space. And also successfully returned to Earth. Moreover, this rocket has already been in space twice before. True, unlike Elon Musk's rockets, his rocket is half the size and barely crosses the conditional border of the atmosphere and space. But Bezos is betting on space tourism, and these parameters are enough for the passengers of the space capsule, designed for 6 people, to feel like space tourists. The capsule, by the way, returns to Earth separately using parachutes. Blue Origin plans to make its first manned flight in 2017.

In addition to Blue Origin, Richard Branson's Virgin Galactic is making a serious bet on suborbital space tourism. The company is known for its SpaceShipOne and SpaceShipTwo suborbital spacecraft. More than a year after the accident that claimed the pilot's life, the company unveiled a new spacecraft for space tourism.

The construction of hotels in orbit, as well as tourist flights into space, have been thought about for a long time. Back in 1967, Barron Hilton, the owner of the Hilton hotel chain and the grandfather of the notorious Paris Hilton, co-authored with the famous space explorer Kraft Erica, wrote several works on space tourism, including hotels in space. Nowadays, another hotel tycoon, Robert Bigelow, is trying to implement these ideas.

He plans to build hotels in orbit using inflatable module technology once borrowed from NASA.The first such hotel will be a full-fledged orbiting space station. Only in volume it will be three times smaller than the ISS: 330 cubic meters against 900. Such a hotel will be designed for 3-4 guests who can comfortably spend several unforgettable days here.

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