5 easy ways to extend your life

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5 easy ways to extend your life
5 easy ways to extend your life
Anonim

There are many hormonal agents that promise to keep you younger and longer. However, the real, scientifically proven ways to slow down the onset of old age are very simple.

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Due to the rapid development of medicine, life expectancy in developed countries has rapidly increased and continues to grow. For example, if in 1970 in the United States it averaged 70.9 years, then in 2005 it was already 77.9 years.

Doctors, nutritionists and cosmetologists work tirelessly on the task: on the one hand, to prolong human life, on the other, to preserve the strength and youthful appearance of the older generation. New hormonal agents and dietary supplements continue to enter the market that, in many cases, can actually prolong life.

However, there are scientifically proven methods that are guaranteed to both slow down aging and keep the elderly healthy and vigorous.

We present five simple ways that you can use to live healthy and vigorous to a ripe old age.

Quit smoking

The best thing to do to keep your skin from aging is to quit smoking. If you have never smoked or have not touched cigarettes for a long time, calmly proceed to the next paragraph of the article. For those who smoke at least half a pack a day, we recommend thinking about what harm they do not only to their health, but also to their appearance.

Smoking has a serious effect on human skin. The exhaled smoke, when it comes into contact with the skin of the face, causes certain biometric changes in the cells.

In particular, it can damage collagen and elastin, two proteins found under the epidermis. But it is these proteins that are responsible for the flexibility and elasticity of our skin. As a result, the skin on the face of a smoker wrinkles and sags much more intensely than that of nonsmokers.

Cigarette smoke also constricts blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to skin cells. This means that the growth and production of cells slows down.

And the very process of smoking has a bad effect on human skin. Pursed lips and narrowed eyes - this is a typical facial expression when smoking creates additional wrinkles over time. At the same time, the destructive effect of smoking comes quickly: wrinkles can be seen on the face of 20-year-old smokers.

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Eat properly

Tell me what you eat and I will tell you who you are. This famous aphorism clearly contains a grain of truth. The nutrients our bodies extract from food can affect the aging process in very different ways.

According to the free radical theory of aging, our body wears out due to the destruction of cells by free radicals. They are molecules or atoms with unpaired electrons at the outer electronic level.

With proper nutrition, a significant proportion of free radicals can be neutralized. In particular, eating foods that contain antioxidants such as vitamins C, E and beta-carotenes significantly reduce the chances of free radicals destroying cellular structures.

Doctors recommend that you include foods high in antioxidants in your diet, such as vegetables and fish, especially trout and salmon.

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Keep away from the sun

Our body needs ultraviolet radiation. After all, it stimulates the production of vitamin A, which is used in the release of melatonin.

If there is not enough melatonin in the body, a person may become depressed.

However, an excessive amount of ultraviolet light damages collagen and elastin and accelerates the appearance of wrinkles. In addition, under the influence of UV radiation, the body's ability to produce new collagens is reduced to replace the lost ones.

Dermatologists recommend that when going out into the sun, regularly use sunscreens with a sun protection factor of at least 15. Of course, relatively tight clothing also protects well from dangerous ultraviolet radiation.

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Lift weights

One of the most obvious signs of aging is slouching and trembling of the limbs in the elderly - a consequence of senile sarcopenia resulting from loss of muscle mass. The death of the motor neurons that control muscles leads to the deactivation of muscle tissue.

Sarcopenia is also responsible for wrinkles and sagging skin due to the death of muscle tissue under the skin of the face. Research has shown, however, that sarcopenia can be reversed as well as stopped.

Strength training for 45 minutes three times a week can increase muscle tissue by 32% over three months.

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As little stress as possible

Geneticists have discovered that chronic stress significantly shortens the life of cells in the body, negatively affecting telomeres. Telomeres are the ends of chromosomes that continually replicate to form new cells.

When telomeres are worn out, in particular under the influence of stress, the DNA in cells loses the ability to divide. As a result, body tissues begin to die.

Reducing the amount of stress in life lengthens life, and also leads to an improvement in the quality of sleep, slows down the process of wrinkles and bags under the eyes.

There are many ways to reduce stress: meeting friends more often, spending a lot of time with your family, and exercising regularly.

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