Torture in North Korea

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Torture in North Korea
Torture in North Korea
Anonim

North Korea is a "country of morning freshness" where torture and public death penalty are used.

Korea

Three strata of the DPRK population

In accordance with a certain system of "sonbun", the entire population of North Korea is divided into three layers: "mainstream", "wavering" and "hostile". Which stratum a particular resident of the DPRK will belong to depends on his social origin and type of activity during the period of Japanese domination (1910-1945) and the war between North and South Korea (in fact 1950-1953, although the official end of the war and was not announced). "Affiliation" is inherited through the male line.

Members of the Korean Workers' Party (WPK) belong to the main stratum, while those who were expelled from the party belong to the hostile one.

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The life of ordinary people

Many North Korean citizens are trying to flee to China in order to then move to South Korea. Running across the direct border with South Korea is like death: along the entire perimeter of the so-called demilitarized zone (DMZ), barbed wire is stretched in several rows, which is under constant tension, in addition to this, the border is guarded by thousands of border guards. China, however, can be called a friendly country to North Korea, so the refugees from the DPRK have a hard time there. They either eke out the most miserable existence in China, or, even more likely, they are caught by the Chinese police and sent back to their homeland. Therefore, those who left their families in the DPRK often go to China just to earn a little money there. According to numerous eyewitness accounts, North Korea is gripped by famine (with some reservations, only the capital of the DPRK, Pyongyang, can be called a territorial exception, where, however, only especially privileged citizens go). At least, this was the situation in the country several years ago. This is the result of the planned economy, known to all citizens of our country since the days of the USSR.

All the "delights" of life in the country of a bright future - the DPRK - are described in the South Korean feature film "Crossing" ("Crossing", 2008), shown at the 81st Oscars. The film tells about the life of ordinary people in North Korea.

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Public executions and torture

The European Union and other organizations exclude the use of the death penalty, which is guaranteed by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Of course, no human laws apply to North Korea - the death penalty is carried out there regularly, and even publicly.

The same International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights implements a policy that guarantees everyone the right to protection from torture. Torture is more than common in North Korea. They are applied during the investigation. For example, French human rights activist Pierre Rigulo talks about torture with water, electricity, sleep deprivation, beatings and rape of women.

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In 2008, at a conference organized by the South Korean political organization "Headquarters for the Democratization of North Korea", a refugee from the DPRK, Kim Sunhee, said that after trying to flee to China, she was repatriated. In an attempt to get money, which the woman had prudently swallowed, North Korean security officials poured water mixed with pepper into her nose. Male soldiers thrust their fingers into her vagina and anus and beat her.

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At another conference held in 2007 by the Civic Union for Human Rights in North Korea, other refugees talked about the "pigeon torture." It is carried out as follows: a person's hands are tied and chained to the crossbar so that the unfortunate person could neither sit down nor stand up. A day in this position leads to the fact that a person's chest arches and becomes like a bird.Another type of torture: a person is tied to his feet and beaten. Another torture reported by refugees is when a blanket is thrown over a prisoner and forced to squat 500 times.

Former North Korean camp guard Ahn Myeongchol reported in his articles for the Daily NK news service that in order to extort testimony from people, women were thrown into their vaginas with snakes, raped, and burned and injured.

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At the 61st press conference of the UN Human Rights Committee, refugee Kim Taejn reported that such torture is also used in North Korea: a person is ordered not to move. If he can't stand it, the unfortunate man is thrown to the sides of his hands, after which he is handcuffed and beaten with iron rods. Another type of torture: a prisoner is stripped naked and left in the cold, sometimes a person is also additionally poured with cold water.

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The British daily The Guardian, referring to the testimony of refugees, told in 2004 about the use of gas chambers and poisoned food in the DPRK. A certain type of torture is the obligatory presence of all prisoners at public executions. For example, according to the group for the Democratization of North Korea, former prisoner Shin Donghyuk lost the ability to experience emotions after his mother and older brother were hanged in front of his eyes.

Other witnesses who have gone through the hell of North Korean concentration camps talk about the coercion of women into abortion and the murder of young children, testing of chemical weapons on prisoners, and simply human experimentation.

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